Magical Correspondences -- Heidrick

Magical Correspondences---Heidrick

Under edit and expansion. Last updated: January 23, 2002 e.v.
Incorporating class materials prepared in 1972 e.v. by the author, Bill Heidrick

Copyright © 1972 and 1990 by Bill Heidrick

The Roman numerals at some column heads refer to Crowley's Liber 777

I.
Key
Scale:
CLXXV.
Hebrew
Letters:
II.
Hebrew Names for
Numbers and Letters:

English Pronun.
of column II.:
III.
English
of column II:
0-Nun-finalYodAlephAinNothing
00-Peh-finalVauSamekh Nun-finalYodAlephAin SophWithout Limit
000-ReshVauAleph Peh-finalVauSamekh Nun-finalYodAlephAin Soph AurLimitless Light
1-ReshTawKafKeterCrown
2-HayMemKafChetChokmahWisdom
3-HayNunYodBetBinahUnderstanding
4-DaletSamekhChetChesedMercy
5-HayReshVauBetGimelGeburahSeverity
6-TawReshAlephPehTawTipheretBeauty
7-ChetTzaddiNunNetzachEndurance to Victory
8-DaletVauHayHodSplendour
9-DaletVauSamekhYodYesodFoundation
10-TawVauKafLamedMemMalkutKingdom
11AlephPeh-finalLamedAlephAlephOx
12BetTawYodBetBetHouse
13GimelLamedMemGimelGimmelCamel
14DaletTawLamedDaletDaletDoor
15HayHayHayHehWindow
16VauVauVauVau or WowNail
17ZainNun-finalYodZainZainSword
18ChetTawYodChetChetFence
19TetTawYodTetTetSerpent
20YodDaletVauYodYodHand (open from back)
21Kaf or Kaf-finalPeh-finalKafKaphHand (closed or from palmer side)
22LamedDaletMemLamedLamedOx Goad
23Mem or Mem-finalMem-finalYodMemMemWater
24Nun or Nun-finalNun-finalVauNunNunFish
25SamekhKaf-finalMemSamekhSamekhProp
26AyinNun-finalYodAyinAyinEye
27Peh or Peh-finalHayPehPehMouth
28Tzaddi or Tzaddi-finalYodDaletTzaddiTzaddiFish Hook
29QofPeh-finalVauQofQofBack of Head
30ReshShinYodReshReshHead
31ShinNun-finalYodShinShinTooth
32TawVauTawTawCross or Mark
32bisTawVauTawTawCross or Mark
31bisShinNun-finalYodShinShinTooth

Explanation:

Key Scale: Relates these correspondences to the "Tree of Life" pattern. The 32 divisions below "0" are often called "Thirty-Two Divine Emanations". Sometimes, as in the table just above, these key numbers are offset to right or left. Offset to the left indicates "Mother Letters" and a correspondence to elements. Offset to the right indicates "Single Letters" and a correspondence to the signs of the Zodiac. Centered key numbers represent the rest, including the "Double Letters", Sephiroth, and often also planets.

Hebrew Letters: Where two are given, the one on the left is the usual form; and the one on the right is used at the ends of words ("final" letters). The approximate English equivalent will usually match the initial letter in the English pronunciation of the Hebrew letter name --- see below for exceptions and more help with this.

Hebrew Names: Hebrew reads from right to left. English reads from left to right. Some of the letter names have several Hebrew spellings: e.g. Hay can be Hay-Hay or Hay-Aleph.

English Pronunciation: How to say Column II. English spelling of Hebrew differs greatly with different methods of transliteration and phonetic representation. These entries are intended to help the reader pronounce the Hebrew and to identify the English representations of these words in the text below. For example:

Kaf-Taw-Resh may be represented in English by different authors for different purposes in the following ways:

1. to show the spelling in Hebrew: KThR
2. to indicate Sephardic pronunciation: Keter
3. to indicate Ashkenazic pronunciation: Keser
4. compromise between sound and spelling: Kether, Cather, ...

An effort will be made in this presentation to keep the English representations of these Hebrew words relatively uniform, but some variation will appear below. It is important to learn how to recognize English representations of foreign words by context, since there is no fixed spelling in use by all authors. If the student becomes too accustomed to one usage, other books on the subject will be closed to study.

English Translation:What the Hebrew in Column II means in English.


I.
Key
Scale:
CLXXV.
Hebrew
Letters::
CLXXVI.
Number Value
of Letters:
XIV. and CLXXIX.
Modern Tarot Trumps and Trump Numbers
(with some sequence variations):
11Aleph1(0.) The Fool
12Bet2I. The Magician
13Gimel3II. The High Priestess
14Dalet4III. The Empress
15Hay5IV. The Emperor (or XVII. The Star)
16Vau6V. The Hierophant
17Zain7VI. The Lovers
18Chet8VII. The Chariot
19Tet9VIII. Strength (or XI. Strength)
20Yod10IX. The Hermit
21Kaf or Kaf-final20 or 500X. The Wheel of Fortune
22Lamed30XI. Justice (or VIII. Justice)
23Mem or Mem-final40 or 600XII. The Hanged Man
24Nun or Nun-final50 or 700XIII. Death
25Samekh60XIV. Temperance
26Ayin70XV. The Devil
27Peh or Peh-final80 or 800XVI. The Tower
28Tzaddi or Tzaddi-final90 or 900XVII. The Star (or IV. The Emperor)
29Qof100XVIII. The Moon
30Resh200XIX. The Sun
31Shin300XX. Judgment
31Taw400XXI. The World

In reckoning the correspondences between Hebrew Letters and Tarot, there are several points to remember. The dominant correspondences are to the Hebrew Letters, and changes in Tarot attribution do not effect other correspondences to the Letters. Tarot Trump titles vary in different styles of decks, but most can readily be identified. The numbers of the Justice and Strength Trumps were reversed by the Golden Dawn authors to make a better fit to the Hebrew. Older decks show Justice as VIII and Strength as XI. This reversal does not effect the correspondence of Lamed for Justice and Tet for Strength. Aleister Crowley came to advocate switching The Star and The Emperor Trumps, and that switch does effect certain of the correspondences of the those Trumps. Switching Star and Emperor does not effect the correspondences to the Hebrew Letters Heh and Tzaddi beyond the Trumps themselves. Thus: Heh---Aries---Emperor, or Heh---Aries---Star, but not Heh---Aquarius---Star. There are other systems of attribution between Tarot and Hebrew, as well as alternative approaches to the Heh/Tzaddi switch. The system used here is that introduced by the Order of the Golden Dawn. Ordo Templi Orientis favors the Hay/Tzaddi switch, but not officially in the manner I have presented here. The present OTO approach includes other correspondences in the switch.


I.
Key
Scale:
CLXXVII.

Astrology:
VI.
Hebrew term used
for items in CLXXVII:

English pronunciation.
of column VI.:
1Primum MobileMem-finalYodLamedGimelLamedGimelHay   TawYodShinAlephReshRashit Ha-Galgalim
2ZodiacTawVauLamedSamekhMemMaslot
3Saturn SaturnYodAlephTawBetShinShabbatai
4Jupiter JupiterQofDaletTzaddiTzedeq
5Mars MarsMem-finalYodDaletAlephMemMadim
6Sun SunShinMemShinSchemesh
7Venus VenusHayGimelVauNun or ChetGimelNunNogah
8Mercury MercuryBetKafVauKafKokab
9Moon MoonHayNunBetLamedLebanah
10Earth Planetary EarthTawVauDaletVauSamekhYod   Mem-finalLamedVauAyinOlam Yesodot
11Air Elemental AirChetVauReshRuach
12Mercury MercuryBetKafVauKafKokab
13Moon MoonHayNunBetLamedLebanah
14Venus VenusHayGimelVauNun or ChetGimelNunNogah
15Aries AriesHayLamedTetTale
16Taurus TaurusReshVauShinSur
17Gemini GeminiMem-finalYodMemVauAlephTawTomaim
18Cancer CancerNun-finalTetReshSamekhSoratan
19Leo LeoHayYodReshAlephAri
20Virgo VirgoHayLamedVauTawBetBetula
21Jupiter JupiterQofDaletTzaddiTzedeq
22Libra LibraMem-finalYodNunZainAlephMemMozenim
23Water Elemental WaterMem-finalYodMemMem
24Scorpio ScorpioBetReshQofAyinAkrab
25Sagittarius SagittariusTawShinQofKeshit
26Capricorn CapricornYodDaletGimelGedi
27Mars MarsMem-finalYodDaletAlephMemMadim
28Aquarius AquariusYodLamedDaletDoli
29Pisces PiscesMem-finalYodGimelDaletDagim
30Sun SunShinMemShinSchemesh
31Fire Elemental FireShinAlephFire
32Saturn SaturnYodAlephTawBetShinShabbatai
32bisEarth Elemental EarthTzaddi-finalReshAlephAretz

Explanation:

Items matching Key scale 1-10 refer to the Sephiroth (singular: Sephira), the ten numbers created in the beginning. Items under Key scale 11-32 refer to the twenty-two "paths" which link the Sephiroth together. Thus 1-10 forms one system and 11-32 another. This explains the double association of the planets to 1-10 as well as 11-32.


Pillar
    of
Severity
Otz ChaiimPillar
of    
Mercy
    
Pillar
of
Mildness

Some Correspondences to the Number 4

Tetragrammaton --- the four-fold name

Basic example: Yod-Hay-Vau-Hay>, pronounced: This is the most common name for God used in the Hebrew
Torah, or "Old Testament". Its genuine pronunciation is
unknown, but the pronunciations "Jehovah" and "Yahweh"
are most often used.

Other examples:YodNunDaletAleph, "Adonai", in English: "Lord".
HayYodHayAleph, "Eheieh".
AlephLamedGimelAleph, "Agla", short for the Hebrew words:
YodNunDaletAleph   Mem-finalLamedVauAyinLamed   ReshVauBetGimel   HayTawAleph,
"Ateh Gebor Le-olahm Adonai",
"Thou art mighty for ever, O'h Lord!"

More examples exist, and others will be discussed below. The Tetragrammatic names are compared to the elements and directions:

I.
Key Scale:
LIV.
:
LV.
Element:
LVII.
Wind Direction:
(from Regardie's Golden Dawn)
Kerubic Direction:
31YodElemental Fire FireSouthEast Leo
23HayElemental Water WaterWestNorth Scorpio
11VauElemental Air AirEastWest Aquarius
32bisHay with MapiqueElemental Earth EarthNorthSouth Taurus

LIV.
:
LIX.
Archangels
of the Quarters:
LVII & LV.
Wind-Element
Directions:
English
Pronunciation
of LIX:
Aprox. English
Translation
of LIX:
YodLamedAlephKafYodMemSouth Elemental FireMichaelLike God
HayLamedAlephYodReshBetGimelWest Elemental WaterGabrielMighty One of God
VauLamedAlephPehReshEast Elemental AirRaphaelHealing of God
Hay with MapiqueLamedAlephYodReshVauAlephNorth Elemental EarthUrielLight of God

The Archangels of the Quarters represent the workings of nature personified as the four ancient "elements", proceeding from the four directions on the winds most resembling those elements. Different prevailing winds require a reconsideration of this correspondence, and other systems of attribution exist. For Western Europe, Palestine, California and most regions in the Northern Hemisphere with a large body of water to the West, these allocations tend to apply:

North Wind ---------- cold and dry --------- Earth Elemental Earth
South Wind ---------- warm and dry --------- Fire Elemental Fire
West Wind ---------- cold and wet --------- Water Elemental Water
East Wind ---------- warm and wet --------- Air Elemental Air

LIV.
:
The Four
Worlds:
LXIII.
English Pronun.:
Approx. English
Meanings:
YodTawVauLamedYodTzaddiAlephAtzilutEmanation, Archetype, most noble
HayHayAlephYodReshBetBriahCreation, Intellect
VauHayReshYodTzaddiYodYetzirahFormative, Moral.
Hay with MapiqueHayYodShinAyinAssiahAction, Substance, Matter

The four worlds are a basic subdivision of creation into four stages or levels. They may be considered to be levels of abstraction (going from matter to spirit) or of condensation (from spirit to matter).


Color Scales for Four Worlds and Thirty-two Paths:

I.
Key
Scale:
XV.       Yod
King Scale Color
(Atzilut in Assiah):
XVI.       Hay
Queen Scale Color
(Briah in Assiah):
1BrillianceWhite Brilliance
2Pure Soft BlueGray
3CrimsonBlack
4Deep VioletBlue
5OrangeScarlet Red
6Clear Pink RoseYellow (Gold)
7AmberEmerald
8Violet PurpleOrange
9IndigoViolet
10YellowCitrine, Olive, Russet & Black
11Bright Pale YellowSky Blue
12YellowPurple
13BlueSilver
14Emerald GreenSky Blue
15ScarletRed
16Red OrangeDeep Indigo
17OrangePale Mauve
18AmberMaroon
19YellowDeep Purple
20Greenish YellowSlate Gray
21VioletBlue
22Emerald GreenBlue
23Deep BlueSea Green
24Green BlueDull Brown
25BlueYellow
26IndigoBlack
27ScarletRed
28VioletSky Blue
29CrimsonBuff, flecked Silver-White
30OrangeGold Yellow
31Glowing Orange ScarletVermilion
32IndigoBlack
32bisCitrine, Olive, Russet and BlackAmber
31bisWhite merging into GrayDeep Purple, nearly Black

The remaining two color scales follow below.

These color scales properly belong to Assiah, since they relate directly to the physical senses. The King Scale represents that Part of Assiah most like Atzilut. The Queen Scale represents that part of Assiah most like Briah; etc.
The colors 1-10 of the Queen Scale are frequently used to color the Sephiroth 1-10 on the Tree of Life. Colors 11-32 of the King Scale are commonly used to color the paths 11-32 on the same figure.
The King and Queen color Scales are partly obtained by color mixing and spectra patterns.

I.
Key
Scale:
XVII.       Vau
Emperor Scale Color
(Yetzirah in Assiah):
XVIII.       Hay with Mapique
Empress Scale Color
(Assian in Assiah):
1White BrillianceWhite, flecked Gold
2Blue Pearl Gray like Mother of PearlWhite, flecked Red, Blue and Yellow
3Dark BrownGray, flecked Pink
4Deep PurpleDeep Azure, flecked Yellow
5Bright ScarletRed, flecked Black
6Rich SalmonGold Amber
7Bright Yellow GreenOlive, flecked Gold
8Red-RussetYellowish Brown, flecked White
9Very Dark PurpleCitrine, flecked Azure
10Citrine, Olive, Russet & Black,
all flecked Gold
Black rayed with Yellow
11Blue Emerald GreenEmerald, flecked Gold
12GrayIndigo, rayed Violet
13Cold Pale BlueSilver, rayed Sky blue
14Early Spring GreenBright Rose, rayed Pale Green
15Brilliant FlameGlowing Red
16Deep Warm OliveRich Brown
17New Yellow LeatherReddish Gray inclined to Mauve
18Rich Bright RussetDark Greenish Brown
19GrayReddish Amber
20Green GrayPlum Color
21Rich PurpleBright Blue, rayed Yellow
22Deep Blue-GreenPale Green
23Deep Olive-GreenWhite, flecked Purple, like Mother of Pearl
24Very Dark BrownLivid Indigo Brown like a Black Beetle.
25GreenDark Vivid Blue
26Blue BlackCold Dark Gray approaching Black
27Venetian RedBright Red, rayed Emerald
28Bluish MauveWhite, tinged Purple
29Light Translucent Pinkish BrownStone Color
30Rich AmberAmber, rayed Red
31Scarlet, flecked GoldVermilion, flecked Crimson & Emerald
32Blue BlackBlack, rayed Blue
32bisDark BrownBlack, flecked Yellow
31bisThe 7 prismatic colors,
the Violet being outside
White, Red, Yellow, Blue, Black
the latter outside

The Emperor Scale is, for the most part, composed by mixing corresponding colors on the King and Queen Scales; e.g. #12. Yellow and Purple = Gray.
Both Emperor and Empress Scales are much less commonly used than King and Queen Scales.


There are several ways of expanding 4 into 5:

A. Consider four separate things: Fire, Water, Air and Earth. These things taken together are one set of four. Thus there are 4 + 1 = 5. Four parts which unite into one whole. In the Tetragrammaton, and additional letter may be added to represent the unity of the other four. When this is done, we have Yod-Hay-Shin-Yau-Hay in place of Yod-Hay-Vau-Hay. Accordingly, the letters: "Yod", "Hay", "Vau" and "Hay with Mapique" are said to be "ruled" or vitalized by the letter "Shin". Because the four original letters represent the elements of fire, water, air and earth, the fifth letter "Shin" is said to represent "spirit", Spirit. In this method of going from 4 into 5, the new category, here called spirit, is clearly seen to dominate the others.

B. 4 may also go into 5 by simple addition. Fire, Water, Air and Earth + Spirit ='s five equal categories.

C. 4 may go into 5 by partial unification: Elemental FireElemental WaterElemental Air = Spirit, therefore Fire, Water, Air and Earth also involves Spirit as a union of the first three elements. This can also be seen as a reduction of 4 into 2: Fire, Water, Air and Earth -> SpiritElemental Earth.

D. 4 may go into 5 by interaction, thus Spirit may represent an interaction or equilibration of Fire, Water, Air and Earth, either as a concept of parity or of commonality or sequence or some other relation.

E. ... etc. This analysis of the process of grouping can be continued with several variations, and various states of being can be predicated on the different modes (Crowley's "formulas" in Magick in theory and Practice are an example of this).

Here is an example of such a speculation on the passage of 4 into 5.

Yod-Hay-Vau-Hay ---> Yod-Hay-Shin-Vau-Hay
Jehovah ---> Jeshuah

Jeshuah is a Hebrew pronunciation of the name of the Christ of the Christians, "Jesus". The usual spelling of this name in Hebrew is  Yod-Shin-Vau-Ayin or "Joshua", but Yod-Hay-Shin-Vau-Hay is an acceptable unorthodox alternative. Christian "Qabalists" and occultists generally have used this for centuries to "prove" that Christ and the New Testament are the completion or perfection of Jehovah and the Old Testament. Be that as it may, this word "Yod-Hay-Shin-Vau-Hay" is the basis for attribution of the elements to the points of the pentagram or five pointed star:

The pentagram is also seen as a representation of Man:

Thus a pentagram with the point uppermost is sometimes taken as a symbol of God-made-Man, Jehovah-become-Jesus, and Man ruled by Intellect. The pentagram with point upwards therefore signifies much the same as a cross in many old rituals. A pentagram with point downward is often considered an "evil" sign: the elements ruling over spirit or man ruled by sexual energies unguided by the mind. The latter bit of symbolism can easily be understood by drawing a pentagram with point downwards and adding a "stick- figure" of a man. There is no place for the head, but there is plenty of room for the phallus.
If the pentagram is upright, the head = mind is represented, but the figure is sexless. If the pentagram is inverted, the figure has sex but is headless = mindless. The union of sexual and mental levels of energy is shown in the hexagram or 6-pointed star.


Introduction to the Gates and Names of Power

In most magical rituals, mysterious names and words play an important part. These are the words and names of power, the Gates of Power. Often these names are familiar, and possess dictionary definitions. Sometimes these names are unknown and barbarous. Even if the formal, grammatical meaning of a word or name is unknown, it is possible to associate a meaning by the special techniques of the Qabalah. It is necessary to obtain a meaning for each word used in a magical ritual, if that ritual is to achieve its purpose. There is an effect to be obtain by speaking meaningless words, but that effect falls far short of the aim of ritual in all but the most simple of intoxicating ritual. The so-called "speaking in tongues" is a babbling of nonsense sounds that has an intoxicating effect on the listeners. Unless some control is present, that intoxication will be wasted or misdirected. "Speaking in tongues" is used all over the world for its dramatic and divinatory qualities. The Ritual Magician seems to "speak in tongues", but he has a specific meaning and intention behind every word he utters --- even behind every sound and motion that he makes in ritual. The intoxicating effect on others may be the same for magical ritual and for glossolalia, but that intoxication is directed in the former and accidental in the latter. For the Magician, nothing is accidental, especially in ritual. The fully developed Magician is trained to understand that everything that happens about him is a particular communication between himself and the universe. The training of the Magician is largely comprised in the building up of a magical vocabulary, language, and alphabet by which the universe may communicate with him through any of its forms and forces. When the Magician uses this magical communication to inform the universe of his intentions, he is working practical magick and casting spells. When the Magician uses this magical communication to learn from the universe, he is meditating. The many lists of "Magical Correspondences" aid in the building of a magical language, but such correspondences are no more that language than a printed word is the thing it represents. Perhaps the closest approach to an accurate description of a magical language is this: A magical language is a swiftness and an orderliness of thought that relates and transforms any thought or perception to and into any other thought and perception. The possessor of such a "language" is one who sees all things in all things.
The first steps in obtain a magical language are commonly taken in learning and using "magical correspondences". The most helpful of these are the correspondences to letters and sounds. Every thought that can be expressed can be stated in words. These words are composed of letters and sounds. By relating letters and sounds together abstractly, any word or thought can be related to any other word or thought. The study of the structure and correspondences of magical words is the study of the Names and Gates of Power. We have seen much of this before, but we will now begin a more detailed study.


Words and Gates of Power:
Words Composed of 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 Letters.

Owing to the existence of extensive lists of correspondences (see "Magical Correspondences" part one and Crowley's 777) to the letters of the Hebrew language, most magical words in use today and in the middle ages are either Hebrew or derived from Hebrew. Many Greek and Coptic magical words are also used, but these are a bit harder to define and to analyze. When an unknown word is to be used, the letters of that word may be transliterated into Hebrew, and the Hebrew correspondences used. Later, when the student has had more experience, the words may be taken and studied without reference to any language save that in which the words are written. Approximate transliterations between Hebrew letters and English are shown below. The order used here is: English letter, Name of Hebrew letter, Hebrew letter, Key number (as used in these notes --- see above), additional Hebrew letters.

A: Aleph, Aleph, 11; Ayin, Ayin, 26.
B: Beth, Bet, 12.
C: Cheth, Chet, 18; Koph, C, 21.
D: Daleth, Dalet, 14.
E: Yod, Ayin, 20; Heh, Hay, 18.
F: Vau, Vau, 16; Pe, Peh, 27.
G: Gimmel, Gimel, 13.
H: Heh, Hay, 15.
I: Yod, Ayin, 20.
J: Yod, Ayin, 20.
K: Koph, Kaf, 21; Cheth, Chet, 18.
L: Lamed, Lamed, 22.
M: Mem, Mem, 23.
N: Nun, Nun, 24.
O: Ayin, Ayin, 26; Vau, Vau, 16.
P: Pe, Peh, 27.
Q: Qof, Qof, 29.
R: Resh, Resh, 30.
S: Samekh, Samekh, 25; Shin, Shin, 31.
T: Teth, Tet, 19; Taw, Taw, 23; Tzaddi, Tzaddi, 28.
U: Vau, Vau, 16.
V: Vau, Vau, 16.
W: Vau, Vau, 16.
X; (treat as though it is a "C" or "Z" depending on pronunciation).
Y: Yod, Yod, 20.
Z: Zayin, Zain, 17; Tzaddi, Tzaddi, 28.

Sometimes two English letters are best replaced by one Hebrew letter:
CH, Cheth, Chet, 18. TH, Teth, Tet, 19. TZ, Tzaddi, Tzaddi, 28. SH, Shin, Shin, 31.

There are no perfect equivalents for the English vowels: A, E, I, O, U. Where "E" appears, the letter may be left out in Hebrew. Where the other vowels appear, the above transliterations may be used or the letter may be left out. For a more detailed list of transliterations from English to Hebrew, see Thelema Lodge Calendar, December 1986 e.v.

The simplest and, in some senses, the most powerful of the words of power are the words of ONE LETTER. English is relatively poor in such words, "I" and "A" are about all. Each of the twenty-two Hebrew letters may be used as a separate symbol, and several are used as particles (short words added to other words to change their meanings). The individual letters may be used to good effect in ritual. Some rituals, such as the projection of the Cube of Space and part of the projection of the Tree of Life, may be constructed entirely of spoken letter names. Each of the twenty-two Hebrew letters is associated to one of the Major Tarot cards; and the pictures on the corresponding Tarot cards may, in some applications, be used as images for the letters (see "Magical Correspondences" page 3). Many other correspondences to the letters are also helpful, especially the Astrological.

Next come the TWO LETTER words. In Hebrew there are 231 possible two letter "gates". Each of these possesses a particular significance. Many are actual words in the language with dictionary definitions. Some have no dictionary definitions and must be defined by the symbolism of their component letters. Actually, there are 462 different words of two different letters each possible in Hebrew, but it is customary to consider two words composed of the same letters as one "gate". Suffice it to say that there are 231 combinations of two letters each that can be made from the twenty-two letters of the Hebrew language. These are the "Gates of the Sepher Yetzirah." The most notable examples for our immediate consideration are:

Ab, BetAleph --- Father.
Ben, Nun-finalBet --- Son.
Shem, Mem-finalShin --- Name.
Ath, TawAleph --- Thou (first and last letters).
Me, YodMem --- Who.
Mah, HayMem --- What.

All 231 have particular power and force.

The THREE LETTER words may be thought of as combinations of two letter words with single letters inserted in the center. These three letter words may be studied letter by letter, and they also have the significance that the first letter means "beginning or thesis" the second letter means "middle or antithesis" and the last letter means "synthesis or conclusion". This will be dealt with at greater length later. some important three letter names or words are:

Ama, AlephMemAleph --- "Sterile Mother."
IAO, GR:Iota-Alpha-Omega, LVX and others.

FOUR LETTER words are referred to the four elements, letter by letter (see "Magical Correspondences" Four-fold name and ff.).

FIVE LETTER words are referred to the four elements and spirit (Ibid, "the passage of 4 into 5").

Words and Gates of Power: Example of Analysis for .

1. Words may be looked up in a Dictionary:

    Yod-Hay-Vau-Hay = "He/She is" or "He/She causes to be".

2. Words may be compared to other words:

    Yod-Hay-Vau-Hay compared to Aleph-Hay-Yod-Hay.

            Yod ---  Aleph     Aleph instead of Yod
            Hay ---  Hay
            Vau ---  Yod     Yod instead of Vau
            Hay with Mapique ---  Hay

Aleph-Hay-Yod-Hay signifies "I am"
Yod-Hay-Vau-Hay signifies "He/She is".

     Therefore HayAleph is a more direct expression of being than HayYod or  HayVau.

unformed being
HayYodHayAleph forming force
Yod partly formed being
Yod-Hay-Vau-Hay forming force
Vau more completely
formed being

3. Words may be analyzed letter-by-letter through correspondences:

--- using Tarot cards (see Liber 777, columns CLXXV and XIV. See also table of Tarot correspondences, above, in this present text.):
            Yod --- The Hermit
            Hay --- The Emperor or The Star
            Vau --- The Hierophant
            Hay with Mapique --- The Emperor or The Star
Yod-Hay-Vau-Hay is the secret force (Hermit) entering the organizing of forms (Emperor) to teach the true nature (Hierophant) of the order of creation (Emperor).

or, using Crowley's correspondence between Hay and The Star Trump:

Yod-Hay-Vau-Hay is the secret force (Hermit) entering the totality of the creation (Star) to inform (Hierophant) all that exists (Star).

--- using Hebrew letter names (777, columns CLXXV and III -- see tables at start of this present text.):

            Yod --- Hand
            Hay --- Window
            Vau --- Nail
            Hay with Mapique --- Window
Yod-Hay-Vau-Hay is a reaching into true vision to establish a vision of truth.

--- using Astrology (777, columns CLXXV and VII -- see tables at start of this present text.):

            Yod --- Virgo
            Hay --- Aries
            Vau --- Taurus
            Hay with Mapique --- Aries
Yod-Hay-Vau-Hay is a quiet harmony established through will in power and firmness and perpetuated by will.

--- The same thing may be done with color correspondences (Liber 777, columns XV - XVIII and "Color Scales for Four Worlds and Thirty-two Paths" above in this present text.); but reactions to colors tend to be somewhat different for different people. Example:

            Yod --- Greenish Yellow
            Hay --- Scarlet
            Vau --- Red Orange
            Hay with Mapique --- Scarlet
Yod-Hay-Vau-Hay is a living mist inflamed into a glowing fire.
            or:
An existence is acted upon to make it more active.

--- The shapes of the letters may suggest ideas to the mind:

            Yod --- a flame or a sperm cell.
            Hay --- a man united with a woman.
            Vau --- the erect phallus.
            Hay with Mapique --- union results in pregnancy.
Yod-Hay-Vau-Hay is like a fruitful sexual union.
4. In some cases, traditional meanings are given to the letters of a particular word in addition to the regular ones found in tables of correspondences. This is the case with Yod-Hay-Vau-Hay.

Yod--- Father--- Red--- Atziluth--- Elemental Fire
Hay--- Mother--- Blue--- Briah--- Elemental Water
Vau--- Son--- Yellow--- Yetzirah--- Elemental Air
Hay with Mapique--- Daughter--- Black--- Assiah--- Elemental Earth
     Such traditional meanings may summarize the findings of Gematria (the number 52 is informative for Yod-Hay-Vau-Hay, see below), standard correspondences to a fixed number of letters (any words having the same number of letters may be matched to the same set), or the results of a unique meditation.
5. Words may be analyzed by Gematria (See table near top of this text, with number values of the Hebrew letters):
Yod-Hay-Vau-Hay --------- Yod = 10
                      Hay =   5
                      Vau =   6
                      Hay with Mapique =   5
   10 + 5 + 6 + 5 = 26
  Therefore Yod-Hay-Vau-Hay = 26.

    Some other words which total to 26 are:

Chet-Vau-Zain-Hay = 5 + 7 + 6 + 8 = 26 = seeing, looking at
Chet-Zain-Vau-Hay = sight, vision
Hay-Chet-Bet-Yod-Aleph = to hide, conceal
Vau-Dalet-Vau-Yod = confession
Zain-Vau-Gimel-Yod = dual

... and many more.

Thus, Yod-Hay-Vau-Hay is the vision of concealed duality. this justifies viewing Yod-Hay-Vau-Hay as composed of "male" and "female" letters. Yod-Hay-Vau-Hay is the word which joins the creator to the created, spirit to matter, man to woman, plan to action and so on.

The numbers of the middle column of the Tree of Life add to 26 = 1 + 6 + 9 + 10. This affirms the purpose of the middle pillar of the Tree to be that of Yod-Hay-Vau-Hay, to join two opposites together by the most direct route. The name Yod-Hay-Vau-Hay is associated with the Tree of Life diagram in several other ways.

The letter names of Yod-Hay-Vau-Hay may be added up to give another number for this word, (see Liber 777, columns CLXXV and II. See also tables at the top of this text):

Yod = Yod = Yod-Vau-Dalet = 20
Hay = Heh = Hay-Hay = 10
Vau = Vau = Vau-Vau = 12
Hay with Mapique = Heh = Hay-Hay = 10
   ---
TOTAL   52

Other words which total 52 include: Aleph-Bet-Aleph Vau-Aleph-Mem-Aleph; Father and Mother; Aleph-Yod-Mem-Aleph; Fertile Mother; Bet-Koph-Lamed; in all Things; Bet-Nunfinal; Son. (more examples below)

There are yet other ways to spell the letters (such as Heh = Hay-Aleph = 6 instead
of Hay-Hay = 10) which give still more numbers.

6. Words may be analyzed by Notariqon:

Best viewed with Times New Roman font, medium setting

(This Notariqon uses the last letters of each of these four Hebrew words. If the initial letters are used instead, the resulting Hebrew four letter word signifies "circumcision". Ouch! This double Notariqon is noted by Ginsburg in his The Kabbalah as an argument for the divine ordination of the practice of mutilating babies. Ideas obtained by mystical methods need not always militate toward physical practices! It is perfectly valid to treat this as a metaphor for a mental practice. In Qabalah, that would be interpreting the information on a Yetziratic level instead of an Assiatic one.)
7. More complex methods:
All or part of the above techniques may be combined and used with a more elaborate pattern or system. An example of this sort of thing is the study of the "Twelve Banners of Yod-Hay-Vau-Hay". The name Yod-Hay-Vau-Hay is composed of three different letters, two of which are repeated. It is possible to rearrange the letters of Yod-Hay-Vau-Hay into twelve different orders, or permutations. These may then be associated with other groups of twelve things: the signs of the Zodiac; the Tribes of Israel, the categories of Aristotle, &c. For this example, the Twelve Banners of Yod-Hay-Vau-Hay are linked to the signs of the Zodiac, and the results are examined in the light of one of the "traditional" sets of correspondences to Yod-Hay-Vau-Hay, that of the elements. The order of the banners or permutations of Yod-Hay-Vau-Hay is important. The method is to start with the usual form of the name and then to get a second form by switching the last two letters about. The third banner is obtained from the second by switching the fourth and second letters. The fourth is obtained from the third by switching the last and first letters. The fifth is obtained from the fourth by switching the last two letters about. The rest are obtained by a repetition of the same series of operations. The twelfth banner automatically is changed by this process into the first, and the whole thing repeats in a regular cycle of such permutations --- this is also the nature of the annual cycle of the twelve signs of the Zodiac.

Aries --- Hay with MapiqueVauHayYod --- Elemental EarthElemental AirElemental WaterElemental Fire --- fire on water, air on earth.
Taurus --- VauHay with MapiqueHayYod --- Elemental AirElemental EarthElemental WaterElemental Fire --- fire on water, earth on air.
Gemini --- HayHay with MapiqueVauYod --- Elemental WaterElemental EarthElemental AirElemental Fire --- fire on air, earth on water.
Cancer --- YodHay with MapiqueVauHay --- Elemental FireElemental EarthElemental AirElemental Water --- water on air, earth on fire.
Leo --- Hay with MapiqueYodVauHay --- Elemental EarthElemental FireElemental AirElemental Water --- water on air, fire on earth.
Virgo --- VauYodHay with MapiqueHay --- Elemental AirElemental FireElemental EarthElemental Water --- water on earth, fire on air.
Libra --- HayYodHay with MapiqueVau --- Elemental WaterElemental FireElemental EarthElemental Air --- air on earth, fire on water.
Scorpio --- YodHayHay with MapiqueVau --- Elemental FireElemental WaterElemental EarthElemental Air --- air on earth, water on fire.
Sagittarius --- Hay with MapiqueHayYodVau --- Elemental EarthElemental WaterElemental FireElemental Air --- air on fire, water on earth.
Capricorn --- VauHayYodHay with Mapique --- Elemental AirElemental WaterElemental FireElemental Earth --- earth on fire, water on air.
Aquarius --- HayVauYodHay with Mapique --- Elemental WaterElemental AirElemental FireElemental Earth --- earth on fire, air on water.
Pisces --- YodVauHayHay with Mapique --- Elemental FireElemental AirElemental WaterElemental Earth --- earth on water, air on fire.

Aries --- Harmony of actives (fire and air) on passives (water and earth).

Fire leads --- this is the 1st of the fire signs of the Zodiac.

Taurus --- Still harmonious in combination, but now the earth is raised

above the air --- 1st earth sign.

Gemini --- The actives isolated from the passives. Air is advanced

--- the 1st air sign.

Cancer --- Actives and passives are mixed, but water leads --- the 1st

water sign.

Leo --- Again actives and passives are mixed, but this time fire scorches

earth -- the 2nd fire sign.

Virgo --- Actives and passives are isolated. Earth advances in the 2nd

earth sign.

Libra --- A harmonious mixture of actives and passives. The reversal of

the two pairs of Aries. Air advances in the 2nd air sign.

Scorpio --- Actives and passives are mixed to counterbalance Taurus, but

now water is advanced --- 2nd water sign.

Sagittarius --- Actives and passives separated. Fire advanced --- 3rd fire sign.

Capricorn --- Earth leads and actives are mixed with passives --- 3rd earth sign.

Aquarius --- Actives and passives mixed, air advances --- 3rd air sign.

Pisces --- Actives and passives separated, water advanced --- 3rd water sign.

Cardinal Quadruplicity: Aries, Cancer, Libra & Capricorn.Aries --- Hay with MapiqueVauHayYod
    In each case the Actives and PassivesCancer --- YodHay with MapiqueVauHay
    are mixed. The order is the same in each.Libra --- HayYodHay with MapiqueVau
    Only the starting point is different.Capricorn --- VauHayYodHay with Mapique

Fixed Quadruplicity: Taurus, Leo, Scorpio & Aquarius.Taurus --- VauHay with MapiqueHayYod
    In each case the Actives are mixed withLeo --- Hay with MapiqueYodVauHay
    the Passives, but the order is differentScorpio --- YodHayHay with MapiqueVau
    from the Cardinals.Aquarius --- HayVauYodHay with Mapique

Mutable Quadruplicity: Gemini, Virgo, Sagittarius & PiscesGemini --- HayHay with MapiqueVauYod
    In each case the Actives are separatedVirgo --- VauYodHay with MapiqueHay
    from the Passives; a different order isSagittarius --- Hay with MapiqueHayYodVau
    seen in each.Pisces --- YodVauHayHay with Mapique

Note that if the banners of Yod-Hay-Vau-Hay be read as vertical columns in each group of Quadruplicities, the name Yod-Hay-Vau-Hay will be spelled out in the first of the four columns (from the right) and the remaining columns will cycle through the letters of Yod-Hay-Vau-Hay in that same order.

The Fire Triplicity: Aries, Leo & Sagittarius.Aries --- Hay with MapiqueVauHayYod
    The elements of Fire (Yod), Water (Hay)Leo --- Hay with MapiqueYodVauHay
    & Air (Vau) cycle, but Earth (Hay with Mapique) does not.Sagittarius --- Hay with MapiqueHayYodVau

The Earth Triplicity: Taurus, Virgo & Capricorn.Taurus --- VauHay with MapiqueHayYod
    Air (Vau) is fixed and the otherVirgo --- VauYodHay with MapiqueHay
    elements cycle.Capricorn --- VauHayYodHay with Mapique

The Air Triplicity: Gemini, Libra & Aquarius.Gemini --- HayHay with MapiqueVauYod
    Water (Hay) is fixed and the otherLibra --- HayYodHay with MapiqueVau
    elements cycle.Aquarius --- HayVauYodHay with Mapique

The Water Triplicity: Cancer, Scorpio & Pisces.Cancer --- YodHay with MapiqueVauHay
    Fire (Yod) is fixed and the otherScorpio --- YodHayHay with MapiqueVau
    elements cycle.Pisces --- YodVauHayHay with Mapique

For a more extensive discussion of the Banners, see "Notes on Liber 777", O.T.O. Newsletter, Vol. III, No. 9, August 1979 e.v., pp.34-44. The article also presents an analysis of variations in the order of the banners in different sources, including the one in Crowley's 777, and examples of Noteriquon for each of the Banners.
Many of the above techniques can be applied with success on names like:
HayYodHayAleph --- Eheieh
YodNunDaletAleph --- Adonai
AlephLamedGimelAleph --- Agla
Hay with MapiqueVauShinHayYod --- Jeshuah
... or any of the Hebrew names given in these correspondences.

These techniques produce results on any word, but it's easier to start with something having a known connection to occultism.
It may seem that the work on Yod-Hay-Vau-Hay (with Mapique) has produced many results, but the surface has been merely scratched. Words like Bet-Resh-Aleph-Shin-Taw, B'rashit (first word of the Old Testament) have been studied in this fashion for several thousand years and new result keep coming. Each new meaning which supports or expands previously known meanings adds confidence to the use of the word and greater force in ritual.


Additional Correspondences:
Key Numbers 1-10, 12, 13, 14, 21, 27, 30 & 32.

The tables of correspondences which follow on the next few pages list various names which may be associated with the ten Sephiroth of the Tree of Life. These also correspond to the seven ancient planets and are intended for use in design of rituals for the planets. Such rituals commonly take the form of invocation of a high-level planetary force, such as the "Divine" or "Archangelic" ruler of the planet, and direction of the lower- level planetary forces through evocation. The high-level forces correspond to abstract and mystical qualities (the positive or "good" aspects) associated with the planets. The lower-level planetary forces represent more concrete and more physical qualities associated with the planets (neutral and negative or "amoral" and "evil" aspects).

Additional Correspondences:
Key Numbers 11, 23, 31 & 32bis.

Correspondences to the four elements.

Additional Correspondences:
Key Numbers 17-22, 24-26, 28 & 29.

Correspondences to the twelve signs of the Zodiac.


Additional Correspondences:
Key Numbers 1-10, 12, 13, 14, 21, 27, 30 & 32.

The Divine Names Attributed to the Sephiroth (and Planets):

Key
Number:
Name in
Hebrew:
English
Pronunciation:
Approx. English
Meaning:
Sephira
& Planet:
1HayYodHayAleph1Eheieh I Exist!Kether
2HayYod2YahHe/She Exists!Chokmah
3Mem-finalYodHayLamedAleph   Hay with MapiqueVauHayYodJehovah ElohimHe/She exists as the
Male & Female Deities!
Binah Saturn
4LamedAlephElHe is Mighty!Chesed Jupiter
5ReshVauBetGimel   Mem-finalYodHayLamedAlephElohim GiborThe Male and Female
Gods are Mighty!
Geburah Mars
6TawAyinDaletVau   HayVauLamedAleph3Eloah va-Da'atGod (male) & KnowledgeTipheret Sun
7TawVauAlephBetTzaddi   Hay with MapiqueVauHayYodYahweh TzabaothHe/She is SplendourNetzach Venus
8TawVauAlephBetTzaddi   Mem-finalYodHayLamedAlephElohim TzabaothThe Male & Female
Deities are Splendour!
Hod Mercury
9YodChet   LamedAleph   YodDaletShinShaddai El ChaiAlmighty God Lives
Forever!
Yesod Moon
10Kaf-finalLamedMem   YodNunDaletAleph
or         
Tzaddi-finalReshAlephHay   YodNunDaletAleph
Adonai Melekh
         or
Adonai Ha-Aretz
Lord King
      or
Lord of the Earth
Malkut Planetary Earth

Notes:
1. EXOD. III, 4
2. ISA, XXVI,4
3. Variations: --- Jehovah Eloah va-Da'at --- He is God and Knowledge

Ginsburg in The Kabbalah, p. 91, has Hay in place of .

The Divine Names represent the Atziluth level, the level of highest abstraction and greatest spirituality. The Names themselves, as spoken words, belong, as do all sounds, to the Assiah level, the level of lowest abstraction and greatest materiality. These Divine Names are to be found in the Old Testament and are allocated to the Sephiroth in the Sepher Ha-Zohar. Thus they form a system at least as old as the 13th century.


The Archangelic Names Attributed to the Sephiroth (and Planets):

Key
Number:
Name in
Hebrew:
English
Pronunciation:
Approx. English
Meaning:
Sephira
& Planet:
1Nun-finalVauReshTetTetMem4
(GR:Mu-epsilon-tau-alpha  Theta-rho-omicron-nu-omicron-nu)
(See extended discussion below)
Metatron"Beyond the Thrones"Kether
2LamedAlephYodZainReshRatzielSecret of God.Chokmah
3LamedAlephYodQofPehTzaddiTzaphqielContemplation of God
              or
Hidden Voice of God
Binah Saturn
4LamedAlephYodQofDaletTzaddi5TzadqielRighteousness of GodChesed Jupiter
5LamedAlephMemKafKamaelLonging of GodGeburah Mars
6LamedAlephPehReshRaphaelHealing of GodTipheret Sun
7LamedAlephYodNunAlephHay6HanielShip of GodNetzach Venus
8LamedAlephKafYodMemMichaelLike GodHod Mercury
9LamedAlephYodReshBetGimelGabrielMighty One of GodYesod Moon
10Nun-finalVauReshTetTetMem
and            
Nun-finalVauPehLamedDaletNunSamekh
GR:Sigma-upsilon-nu-alpha-delta-epsilon-lambda-phi-omicron-sigma      
and            
HayYodShinMemHay   ShinPehNun
Metatron
    and
Sandalphon
    and
Nephesch Ha-Messiah
(see Key 1)
    and
Prob.  not  Heb.  orig.   
If  Greek,
  "Twin"
    and
Soul of the Redeemer
Malkut Planetary Earth

Notes:
4. See Ginsburg, op cit, p. 109 and Pick, p.25.
5. QofDaletTzaddi ='s Jupiter.
6. If spelled LamedAlephYodNunChet, it would signify "Favor of God". Although this is not a valid spelling, it may reflect

a literary device or visual punning.

The Archangelic names represent the Briah level, the level of pure mental operation. The Archangels are the "architects" or creation and creative activity. Although all of these names are of great antiquity (most, if not all, antedate Christianity), the particular order of the names varies from source to source. The order of Archangelic names presented above for the planets from Saturn to the Moon is found in Calendarium Naturale Magicum ..., attributed to Tycho Brahe, 1582. Tycho Brahe was the astronomer who provided Kepler with data for his theories of the motions of the planets. Kepler was the most renown astrologer and mathematical astronomer of his day. The work that Kepler began under the direction of Brahe resulted in a theory of planetary motion that was later used by Issac Newton in his theory of gravitation. The same order of Archangelic names may have been known by Peter di Abano in the twelfth century.
The names corresponding to Key numbers 1, 2 and 10 are mostly known from the so-called books of Enoch and the Zohar. Many of the other names are found in those sources as well. The detailed notes follow:

Metatron --- Exact meaning of the name is unknown. In addition to the meaning given above, others are: "guide" or "Measurer", "one who occupies the throne next to God", and various other names that are pure guesses. This name should be studied extensively by the methods outlined between pages 18 and 25 of these Correspondences. The allocation of the Archangel Metatron to the first and last place is taken directly from the Zohar. Metatron is said to be the one who stands directly before the face of God with no other between. Enoch 3 says that Metatron was incarnated on earth in the body of the prophet Enoch "who walked with God and is no more."

Haniel --- many different spellings for this name exist in Hebrew and in other languages. Some say that the name means "the grace of God".

Raphael and Michael --- these names are often reversed in their order. They are very commonly used for angels as well as archangels. This has caused a confusion concerning the attributions. The attribution given here is the oldest known to the author of these Correspondences.

Sandalphon and Metatron -- these names probably originate from Greek or Latin and were only transliterated into Hebrew. This accounts for some of the confusion about their meanings. These two are often taken to be twin Archangels who guard the throne of God together and who work in the world together. Metatron is sometimes taken as male and Sandalphon Female. At other times they are called brothers.


The Angelic Orders Attributed to the Sephiroth (and Planets)

Key
Number:
Name in
Hebrew:
English
Pronunciation:
Approx. English
Meaning:
Sephira
& Planet:
1ShinDaletQofHay   TawVauYodChetChioth Ha QadeshThe Living Holy One
or
The Holy Living Creatures
Kether
2Mem-finalYodNunPehAleph7AuphanimThe Wheels
or
The Spinning Ones
Chokmah
3Mem-finalYodLamedAlephReshAleph8AralimThe Mighty OnesBinah Saturn
4Mem-finalLamedMemShinChetChashmalimThe Shining OnesChesed Jupiter
5Mem-finalYodPehReshShinSeraphimThe burning Ones
or
The Exalted Ones
Geburah Mars
6Mem-finalYodKafLamedMem9
or
Mem-finalYodNunAlephNunShin
Melakim
or
Shinanim
The Kings
or
The Multiplying ones,
The Thousands
Tipheret Sun
7Mem-finalYodHayLamedAleph
or
Mem-finalYodShinYodShinReshTaw
Elohim
or
Tharshisim
The Deities
or
"The Ships"
Netzach Venus
8Mem-finalYodHayLamedAleph   YodNunBetBeni ElohimThe Sons of the GodsHod Mercury
9Mem-finalYodBetVauReshKaf10KerubimThe Cherubs
(see comment below)
Yesod Moon
10Mem-finalYodShinAleph11AishimThe Fires, or
The Flames, or
The Foundations, or
The Existent Ones
Malkut Planetary Earth

Notes:
7. The Hebrew spelling given here is from Ginsburg, op. cit, p. 90. This name is sometimes spelled .
8. Regardie gives this spelling, as does Ginsburg op cit, p. 90. Kircher in Od. AE gives
9. Regardie and Kircher both give: Mem-finalYodKafAlephLamedMem
10. Ginsburg op cit disagrees on p. 92 with Ishim (Mem-finalYodShinAleph).
11. Ibid, prefers Cherubim.

The Angelic Orders represent the Yetzirah level of beginning of action and of feelings and moralities. The angels are the workers of creation, the individual forces and actions necessary to produce the world. These names are found in the Old Testament, but not always as names of angelic orders. The notes to this page will be found below the next table.


The Celestial Hierarchies (Angelic Orders) of Pseudo-Dionysius,
who is also called Dionysius the Areopagite

Key
Number:
English
Pronunciation:
General Purpose and
Function:
Sephira
& Planet:
1SeraphimThese burn away all that
separates man from God
Kether
2CherubimThese illuminate the soul and
unite it with the Divine Wisdom
Chokmah
3ThronesThese raise up the soul and
establish it in the service of
the Divine
Binah Saturn
4DominionsThese bestow order and justiceChesed Jupiter
5VirtuesThese bestow grace and valourGeburah Mars
6PowersThese aid the human mind to break
free of the forces that draw man
to earthly thoughts
Tipheret Sun
7PrincipalitiesThese aid men to turn toward the
Divine service and away from
the earth.
Netzach Venus
8ArchangelsThese teach the soul to enable
it to learn about itself and
about spiritual things.
Hod Mercury
9AngelsThese minister to man and purify
and uplift the things of Nature
Yesod Moon
10MenThis is mankind, in possession
of the Earth
Malkut Planetary Earth

These "Celestial Hierarchies" are the basis for most Christian mysticism concerning beings intermediate between man and "God". This list has been the accepted version of angelology for more than a thousand years in the western Christian churches. Dionysius was thought to be a disciple of St. Paul during the middle ages, although this is no longer believed. The "Celestial Hierarchies" is properly a list of all beings between Man and God, rather than just a list of a certain group of them. Nonetheless, this list is often taken to be the same in meaning as the one given here immediately above this table. Dionysius called all these beings "Angels", including Men.

Notes on the Angelic Orders and Their Names:

Chioth Ha-Qadesh. These are often identified with the Kerubim of the vision of Ezekiel, Ezekiel I, 1-14: "And I looked, and behold, a stormy wind came out of the north, a great cloud, with a fire flashing up, so that a brightness was round about it; and out of the midst thereof as the color of electrum, out of the midst of the fire. And out of the midst thereof came the likeness of four living creatures. And this was their appearance: they had the likeness of a man. And their feet were straight feet; and the sole of their feet was like the sole of a calf's foot; and they sparkled like the color of burnished brass. And they had the hands of a man under their wings on their four sides; and as for the faces and wings of them four, their wings were joined one to another; they turned not when they went; they went everyone straight forward. As for the likeness of their faces, they had the face of a man; and they four had the face of a lion on the right side; and they four had the face of an ox on the left side; and they four had also the face of an eagle. Thus were their faces; and their wings were stretched upward; two wings of every one were joined one to another, and two covered their bodies. And they went every one straight forward; wither the spirit was to go, they went; they turned not when they went. As for the likeness of the living creatures, their appearance was like coals of fire, burning like the appearance of torches; it flashed up and down among the living creatures; and there was brightness to the fire, and out of the fire went forth lightning. And the living creatures ran and returned as the appearance of a flash of lighting."

Auphanim. Ezekiel I, 15-19: "Now as I beheld the living creatures, behold one wheel at the bottom hard by the living creatures, at the four faces thereof. The appearance of the wheels and their work was like unto the color of a beryl; and they four had one likeness; and their appearance and their work was as it were a wheel within a wheel. When they went, they went toward their four sides; they turned not when they went. As for their rings, they were high and they were dreadful; and they four had their rings full of eyes round about. And when the living creatures went, the wheels went hard by them; and when the living creatures were lifted up from the bottom, the wheels were lifted up."

Aralim. Isiah XXXIII, 7: "Behold their valiant ones cry without; the ambassadors of peace weep bitterly."

Chashmalim. Also Ezekiel I, 3 and 13. See above.

Seraphim. Isaiah VI, 6: "Then flew unto me one of the seraphim, with a glowing stone in his hand, which he had taken with the tongs from off the altar."

Melakim. The word "King" is used in many places in the Bible.

Shinanim. Psalm 68 (In Catholic Bibles 67), 10: "The chariots of God are myriads, even thousands upon thousands; the Lord is among them, as in Sinai, in holiness.

Elohim. A very commonly used name for the creator and his forces in the Bible.

Tharshisim. Literally the "ships of Tarshish". Isaiah, II, 16: "And upon all the ships of Tarshish, and upon all delightful imagery." See also Isaiah XXIII, 1. Mathers copies Ginsburg's The Kabbalah with a reference to Daniel X,6 for this angelic order, but all that is found there is a description of an angel.

Beni Elohim. Genesis VI, 1-4: "And it came to pass, when men began to multiply on the face of the earth, and the daughters were born unto hem, that the sons of God saw the daughters of men that they were fair; and they took them wives, whomsoever they chose. And the Lord said: 'My spirit shall not abide in man for ever, for that he also is flesh; therefore shall his days be a hundred and twenty years.' The Nephilim were in the earth in those days, and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bore children to them; the same were the mighty men that were of old, the men of renown."

Kerubim or Cherubim. These are often identified with the Chioth Ha Qadesh of Ezekiel, much as Metatron is said to be both the archangel of Kether and of Malkuth. The Kerubim are the guardians of the Ark of the Covenant, and are also the great human headed bulls that have been excavated in archaeological exploration in the Biblical lands. The Kerubim may be the title of the angelic order of Malkuth rather than that of Yesod. This last point is a matter of some confusion.

Aishim. Psalm 104, 4: "Who makest winds Thy messengers, the flaming fire Thy ministers." The name may belong to Yesod (as "The foundations") rather than to Malkuth.


The Spheres of the Planets:

These are listed in one of the first tables, key numbers 1 though 10,. The Spheres of the planets represent the actual material forms and the forces that directly manipulate them in the Assiah level.


Additional Correspondences: Angels Ruling the Planets

Key
Numbers:
Name in
Hebrew:
English
Pronunciation:
Approx. English
Meaning:
Planet:
3 & 32(see comment)Cassiel(see comment)Saturn Saturn
4 & 21(see comment)Sachiel(see comment)Jupiter Jupiter
5 & 27LamedAlephMemSamekhSamaelSpice of GodMars Mars
6 & 30LamedAlephKafYodMemMichaelLike GodSun Sun
7 & 14LamedAlephYodNunAlephAnaelShip of GodVenus Venus
8 & 12LamedAlephPehReshRaphaelHealing of GodMercury Mercury
9 & 13LamedAlephYodReshBetGimelGabrielMighty One of GodMoon Moon

These angelic names are very much subject to dispute. The are found in various spellings in the sixteenth century literature, usually without a clue to the Hebrew spelling. The placement of these angels is probably best left of Assiah, but caution is recommended in their use. The first three are sometimes taken as Demonic names, especially Samael. Although the last four names are much like the names of archangels they should not be considered to be such. This list is probably related to the list of archangels, but it has been used for lower purposes than that earlier list. Where a name is found to be on more than one list, it should not be assumed to be the same entity or concept on both lists.

Cassiel. No Hebrew known at this writing. May be , "God sees" or , "God's Throne". An illustration in Barrett's Magus shows a demon riding a dragon corresponding to Saturn and this name. ?

Sachiel. No Hebrew known at this writing. May be , "Pure One of God", , "Tabernacle of God", , "Arbor of God" or "Tent of God", , "Thought of God", or , The Pouring Forth of the Seminal Emission of God." Sometimes also spelled "Zachauel." ?

Samael. Possibly the Devil in Hebrew literature, depending on exact Hebrew spelling --- see below. As associated with Mars, this name may merely indicate God as wrathful. Other versions are Samuel (closer this this Hebrew version) and Zamael.

Michael and Raphael. These are in reverse order from the identical names on the list of Archangels. Lists showing the same reversal for Archangels and Angels are found in 16th century MSS.

Anael. Assumed to be the same as Aniel and practically the same as Haniel --- as a name, different significance in the lists.

Additional Correspondences: Intelligences of the Planets.

Key
Numbers:
Name in
Hebrew:
English
Pronunciation:
Approx. English
Meaning:
Planet:
3 & 32LamedAlephYodGimelAlephAgielFlee from GodSaturn Saturn
4 & 21LamedAlephPehVauYod
or
LamedAlephYodPehHayYod
IopielBeauty of god.Jupiter Jupiter
5 & 27LamedAlephYodPehAlephReshGimelGraphiel"Might of God" (?)Mars Mars
6 & 30LamedAlephYodKafNunNakhielSmiting of GodSun Sun
7 & 14LamedAlephYodGimelHayHagielCutting of GodVenus Venus
8 & 12LamedAlephYodReshYodTetTirielWall of GodMercury Mercury
9 & 13HayKafLamedMemMalkahBride, or QueenMoon Moon

These "Intelligences" are somewhat more violent in their natures than the names which have been seen up to this point. They border on the Demonic, but seem to keep mostly to the higher side of that border. The "Spirits" which follow on the next page were held by the Golden Dawn to be just to the lower side of that disturbing border. Neither the Intelligences or the Spirits should be used for serious ritual unless the need is very great and the preparations have been quite carefully made. This point marks the borderline between the higher mind and the subconscious. It is not wise to enter deeply in this area without supervision. The will is easily overthrown at times in this level of work. This is dangerous. Don't work this material into ritual unless you have someone by to watch in case of need.
The name "Malkah" is often extended by several additional descriptive words12, but this is unnecessary. This name is also applied to Malkuth in some studies of the Tree of Life, where it is intended to represent a metaphor related to the Tetragrammaton.
These names seem to have been known since the 12th century.

Note:
12. Mem-finalYodQofHayShin   HayVauReshBet   DaletAyinVau   Mem-finalYodShinYodShinReshTawBet   AlephKafLamedMem.


Additional Correspondences: Spirits of the Planets.

Key
Numbers:
Name in
Hebrew:
English
Pronunciation:
Approx. English
Meaning:
Planet:
3 & 32LamedAlephZainZain
or
LamedZainAlephZain
ZazielDestroyerSaturn Saturn
4 & 21LamedAlephMemSamekhHayHismaelThe Spice of God, or
The Likeness of God, or
The Poison of God
Jupiter Jupiter
5 & 27LamedAlephBetTzaddiReshBet
or
LamedAlephBetAlephTzaddiReshBet
BartzabelSolder of God, or
Son of God's Army
Mars Mars
6 & 30TawReshVauSamekhSorathThe Banished, or
The Turned Away
Sun Sun
7 & 14LamedAlephMemDaletQofKedemelThe Early God, or
The God Before, or
The Morning of God
Venus Venus
8 & 12TawReshTawReshTawPehTawTaphtartaratViolently Spat Upon, or
Violently Spitting
Mercury Mercury
9 & 13Nun-finalTawTawReshShinHay   TawAyinMemShinReshBet   DaletShin13Schad Barschemot
Ha-Shartatan
Demon Son of the Fame
of the Serving Ones
Moon Moon

These "Spirits" are quite a bit more than just questionable, as can be seen by their names. The source of these names is probably prior to the 12th century. Their use on talismans is common. It is by no means clear which is lower, Spirits or Intelligences; but both are often used in the same places. Most writers consider the Spirits to be Demonic, even if only the lesser demons. This places these "Spirits" among the less dangerous of the Qliphot, , the "Shells" or demonic waste matter of the Assiah world. There are several seals drawn alphabetically from the names of these "Spirits".

Note:
13. This is all one Hebrew name. Spelling tends to vary, and some sources add , Ha-Schemodaei, the Chief of the demons in the Talmudic legend of Solomon. This name is often rendered "Asmodaeus" in the West, and as "Iblis" among Islam.

The Demonic Orders Attributed to the Sephiroth (and Planets)

Key
Numbers:
Name in
Hebrew:
English
Pronunciation:
Approx. English
Meaning:
Sephira
& Planet:
1LamedAlephMemAlephTaw
or
LamedAlephYodMemVauAlephTaw
ThamielDuality in GodKether
2LamedAlephDaletYodAlephGimelChet
or
LamedAlephYodGimelVauAyin
ChaigidelConfusion of the
Power of God
Chokmah
3LamedAlephReshTawSamekh
or
LamedAlephYodReshAlephTawAlephSamekh
SatharielConcealment of GodBinah Saturn
4TawVauKafChetMemGimel
or
HayLamedKafShinAyinGimel
GamchicothDevourersChesed Jupiter
5BetAlephLamedVauGimel
or
BetChetLamedVauGimel
GolabBurning BodiesGeburah Mars
6Mem-finalYodReshYodReshGimelVauTaw
or
Nun-finalVauReshYodReshGimelTaw
Togaririm(n)Those Who Bellow Grief and TearsTipheret Sun
7LamedAlephPehReshShin BetReshAyinHay
or
QofReshZain BetReshAyin
Harab SerapelRavens of the Burning of GodNetzach Venus
8LamedAlephMemShin
or
LamedAlephMemSamekh
SamaelThe Desolation of God, or
The Left Hand
Hod Mercury
9LamedAlephYodLamedMemGimelGamalielPolluted of GodYesod Moon
10TawVauMemAlephNun
or
TawYodLamedYodLamed
Nehemoth
or
Lilith
Whisperers
or
Night Spector
Malkut Planetary Earth

The Hebrew spellings in the above are mostly reconstructions with alternatives. Nonetheless, it is believed that the majority of the above are at least suitable if not perfect.
These names are sometimes called the "adverse Sephiroth" instead of the Demonic Orders. A.E. Waite makes this later point in his Holy Kabbalah, page 256. As "adverse Sephiroth", these names would simply refer to the negative or destructive opposites of the regular Sephiroth Kether through Malkuth.
As Demonic Orders, these names refer to the Assiah Qliphoth. They are to be treated as lower and more dangerous than the Spirits of the planets. Visualizations of such things would involve "moaning and groaning specters of nature in half-human forms dimly seen", and such doubtful stuff.

Notes on the Demonic Orders (Adverse Sephiroth):

Thamiel. Thamiel represents duality whereas Kether represents unity. Thus Thamiel is the division of that which is perfect only in unity. As a demonic order name, the Thamiel were the before their "revolt". signifies, "Perfection of God". These angels sought to become more powerful by adding an Aleph to their name. They then became the , "Duality of God", an order of the lesser demons. In the lowest state of their "fall", they become the , "the Polluted of God".
The cortex or outer form of the Thamiel is called Cathariel, , "the Broken" or "Fearful Light of God".

Chaigidel. These are the confusion of that great power which, as Chokmah, goes forth at the beginning to give the vital energy of creation to the processes of Binah. The cortex of the Chaigidel is called Ghogiel, , "Those Who Go Forth into the Place Empty of God".

Sathariel. Even as Binah is the great revealing one who bestows the structure of the Absolute onto the created, its opposite, the Sathariel, conceal the nature of The Perfect. The cortex or outer form of the Sathariel is called the order of Sheireil, , "The Hairy Ones of God".

Gamchicoth. Chesed is the source of bounty both in idea and in substance to the lower forms. Gamchicoth is the order of "Devourers" who seek to waste the substance and thought of creation. The outer form is the order of Azariel, , "The Binding Ones of God".

Golab. Geburah is a going forth in power to rule in strength. The order of Golab is composed of those who burn to do destruction --- even on themselves. The outer form is the Usiel, , "The Ruins of God".

Togaririm. Tiphereth is the place of great beauty and rejoicing. The Togaririm build ugliness and groan about it. The cortex of the Togaririm is called the Zomiel, , "The Revolt of God".

Harab Serapel. Netzach is the openness of natural love. The Harab Serapel are the Ravens of Death who reject even their own. The outer form is Theumiel, , "The Fouled Substance of God".

Samael. Hod is the complex working of the will of the Absolute. Samael represents the barren desolation of a fallen and failed creation. The outer form is the Theuniel, , "The filthy Wailing Ones of God".

Gamaliel. Yesod is the place of the final forms that become matter in Malkuth. The Gamaliel are the Misshapen and polluted images that produce vile results. The outer form is the order of Ogiel, , "those Who Flee from God".

Nehemoth. These are responsible for frightening sounds in strange places. They excite the mind and cause strange desires.


The Arch Devils Attributed to the Sephiroth (and Planets)

Key
Numbers:
Name in
Hebrew:
English
Pronunciation:
Approx. English
Meaning:
Sephira
& Planet:
1Kaf-finalLamedMemVau   Nun-finalTetShinSatan and MolochAdversary and KingKether
2BetVauBetZainLamedAyinBet
or
LamedAyinYodLamedBet Mem-finalDaletAleph
Beelzebub
or
Adam Belial
Lord of the Flies
or
Wicked Man
Chokmah
3---LucifugeOne Who Flees LightBinah Saturn
4TawReshTawShinAyinAstarothOne of the FlockChesed Jupiter
5---AsmodeusThe Destroying GodGeburah Mars
6ReshGimelPehLamedBetBelphegorLord of the DeadTipheret Sun
7LamedAyinBet
or
Nun-finalYodQof LamedBetVauTaw
Baal
or
Tubal Cain
Lord
or
Maker of Sharp Weapons
Netzach Venus
8Kaf-finalLamedMemMemReshDaletAlephAdrammelechPowerful KingHod Mercury
9TawYodLamedYodLamedLilithNight SpectorYesod Moon
10HayMemHayNunNahemaGroaningMalkut Planetary Earth

The list of demonic orders had some rather unpleasant members, but these are the ultimate of the Assiah Qliphoth. Most of the names here referred to as "Arch Devils" are either names of old gods (Astarte, Baal, Moloch) that were competitors to the Hebrew Jehovah, or they are traditional night demons and monsters from ancient or later Christian legend (Lilith, Nehema, Asmodeus, Satan, Lucifuge, Belphegor). A few (Adrammelech, Tubal Cain, Naamah) are the names of people mentioned in the Old Testament.

Satan and Moloch. Two demons are attributed to the adverse Kether to stress the view that the demonic opposite of Kether is duality instead of unity. Satan is the most familiar name for the modern devil, although in the Old Testament this name signifies a sort of "Attorney General" for Jehovah rather than any sort of Christian Devil. Moloch or Malech is the common semitic word for "king". Baal-Moloch is the name used for the high god generally. This last name has come to be associated with the god of the Philistines. Renegade Hebrews are accused in several places in the Old Testament of burning their children alive in sacrifice to Moloch or Melech in a valley near the walls of Jerusalem. Leviticus: XVIII, 21: "And thou shalt not give any of thy seed to set them apart to Molech (Moloch)..." Leviticus: XX, 2: "Moreover, thou shalt say to the children of Israel: Whosoever he be of the children of Israel, or of the strangers that sojourn in Israel, that giveth of his seed unto Molech; he shall surely be put to death: the people of the land shall stone him with stones."

Beelzebub. Both Satan and Beelzebub are mentioned in the New Testament as great rulers of devils and demons (not the modern Christian concept). One theory states that the name Beelzebub is derived from Siriac words meaning "The Lord of Calumny", but a more probable Siriac derivation is "Bridegroom" or "Lord of the Bride".

Adam Belial. The name Belial is often used separately as a demonic name.

Lucifuge. This is a Latin name. "Lucifuge" is probably a name made up to replace the name "Lucifer", "Light Bearer". People seemed to be more at home with the idea that the "Devil" flees from light (Lucifuge) rather than with the remembrance that, "before the fall of the angels," he was the bearer of the light before the throne of God (Lucifer). Of course, "Lucifer" was never a name of a devil until some time after St. Jerome introduced this word as a cantrip and poor translation of one passage of the Latin Vulgate -- probably intended to blacken the reputation of Bishop Lucifer, a prelate with whom Jerome had a falling-out.

Astaroth. This is the name of the goddess Astarte, the Ishtar of the Babylonians and perhaps also the Isis of the Egyptians. The Hebrews took this name for a word describing idols of female deities, as they also took the word "Baalim" for describing idols of male deities. First Samuel: VII, 3-4: "And Samuel spoke unto all the house of Israel, saying: 'If ye do return unto the Lord with all your heart, then put away the foreign gods and the Ashtaroth from among you, and direct your hearts unto the Lord and serve Him only; and He will deliver you out of the hand of the Philistines.' Then the children of Israel did put away the Baalim and the Ashtaroth, and served the Lord only."
Since Astaroth and Ishtar are much the same in older religions, it may be of interest to see an incantation of the goddess Ishtar. This particular example comes from clay tablets found in the library of the Assyrian king Ashur-banipal (circa. 650 BC). There is a striking resemblance between this incantation and the Christian prayers to the Virgin Mary.
"I pray unto thee, lady of ladies, goddess of goddesses!
O Ishtar, queen of all peoples, directress of mankind!
O Irnini, thou art raised on high, mistress of the Spirits of heaven;
Thou art mighty, thou hast sovereign power, exalted in thy name!
Thou art the light of heaven and earth, O valiant daughter of the Moon- god.
Ruler of weapons, arbitress of the battle!
Framer of all decrees, wearer of the crown of dominion!
O lady, majestic is thy rank, over all the gods is it exalted!
Thou art the bestower of strength!
Thou art strong, O Lady of victory, thou canst violently attain my desire!
O Gutira, who art girt with battle, who art clothed with terror,
Thou wieldest the scepter and the decision, the control of earth and heaven!
Holy chambers, shrines, divine dwellings, and temples worship thee!
Where is thy name not heard? Where is thy decree not obeyed?
Where are thine images not made? Where are thy temples not founded?
Where art thou not great? Where art thou not exalted?
Anu, Bel, and Ea have raised thee on high; among the gods have they made
great thy dominion;
They have exalted thee among all the Spirits of heaven, they have made
thy rank pre-eminent.
At the thought of thy name the heaven and the earth quake,
The gods tremble, the Spirits of the earth falter.
Mankind payeth homage unto thy mighty name,
For thou art great, and thou art exalted.
All mankind, the whole human race, boweth down before thy power.
Thou judgest the cause of men with justice and righteousness;
Thou lookest with mercy on the violent man, and thou settest right the
unruly every morning.
How long wilt thou tarry, O Lady of heaven and earth, shepherdess of
those that dwell in human habitations?
How long wilt thou tarry, O lady of the holy E-anna, the pure Storehouse?
How long wilt thou tarry, O lady, whose feet are unwearied, whose knees
have not lost their vigor?
How long wilt thou tarry, O Lady of all fights and of the battle?
O thou glorious one, that ragest among the Spirits of heaven, that
subduest angry gods,
That hast power over all princes, that controllest the scepter of kings.
That openest the bonds of all handmaids,
That art raised on high, that art firmly established --- O valiant
Istar, great is thy might!
Bright torch of heaven and earth, light of all dwellings,
Terrible in the fight, one who can not be opposed, strong in the battle!
O whirlwind, that roarest against the foe and cuttest off the mighty!
O furious Ishtar, summoner or armies!
O goddess of men, O goddess of women, thou whose counsel none may learn!
Where thou lookest in pity, the dead man lives again, the sick is healed!
The afflicted is saved from his affliction, when he beholdeth thy face!
I, thy servant, sorrowful, sighing, and in distress cry unto thee,
Look upon me, O my lady, and accept my supplication,
Truly pity me, and harken unto my prayer!
Cry unto me 'It is enough!' and let thy spirit be appeased!
How long shall my body lament, which is full of restlessness and confusion?
How long shall my heart be afflicted, which is full of sorrow an sighing?
How long shall my omens be grievious in restlessness and confusion?
How long shall my house be trouble, which mourneth bitterly?
How long shall my spirit be troubled, which aboundeth in sorrow and sighing?
O ... Irnini, fierce lioness, may thy heart have rest!
Is anger mercy? Then let thy spirit be appeased!
May thine eyes rest with favor upon me;
With thy glorious regard, truly in mercy look upon me!
Put an end to the evil bewitchments of my body; let me behold thy clear light!
How long, O my lady, shall mine enemies persecute me?
How long shall they devise evil in rebellion and wickedness,
And in my pursuits and my pleasures shall they rage against me?
How long, O my lady, shall the ravenous demon pursue me?
They have caused me continuous affliction, but I have praised thee.
The weak have become strong, but I am weak;
I am sated like a flood which the evil wind maketh to rage.
My heart hath taken wing, and hath flown away like a bird of the heavens;
I moan like a dove, night and day.
I am made desolate, and I weep bitterly;
With grief and woe my spirit is distressed. What have I done, O my god
and my goddess?
Is it because I feared not my god or my goddess that trouble hath befallen me?
Sickness, disease, ruin, and destruction are come upon me;
Troubles, turning away of the countenance, and fullness of anger are my lot,
And the indignation and the wrath of all gods and men.
I have beheld, O my lady, slaughter, turmoil, and rebellion.
Death and misery have made an end of me!
My need is grievous, grievous is my humiliation;
Over my house, my gate, and my fields is affliction poured forth.
As for my god, his face is turned elsewhere;
My strength is brought to naught, my power is broken!
But unto thee, O my lady, do I give heed, I have kept thee in my mind!
Unto thee therefore do I pray, dissolve my ban!
Dissolve my sin, my iniquity, my transgression, and my offense!
Forgive my transgression, accept my supplication!
Secure my deliverance, and let me be loved and carefully tended!
Guide my footsteps in the light, that among men I may gloriously seek my way!
Say the word, that at thy command my angry god may have mercy,
And that my goddess, who is wroth, may turn again!
The darkness hath settled down, so let my brazier be bright;
Thou art the ruler, let then my torch flame forth!
May my scattered strength be collected;
May the fold be wide, and may my pen be bolted fast!
Receive the abasement of my countenance, give ear unto my prayer,
Truly pity me, and accept my supplication!
How long, O my lady, wilt thou rage and thy spirit be full of wrath?
Incline thy neck, which is turned away from my affairs, and set
prosperity before thy face;
As by the solving waters of the river may thine anger be dissolved!
My mighty foes may I trample like the ground;
And those who are wroth with me mayest thou force into submission and
crush beneath my feet!
Let my prayer and my supplication come unto thee,
And let thy great mercy be upon me,
That those who behold me in the street may magnify thy name,
And that I may glorify thy godhead and thy might before mankind!
Ishtar is exalted! Ishtar is queen!
Irnini, the valiant daughter of the Moon-god, hath not a rival!"

"Prayer of the Raising of the Hand to Ishtar."

"This shall thou do ... a green bough shalt thou sprinkle with pure water; four bricks from a ruin shalt thou set in place; a lamb shalt thou take; with sarbatu-wood shalt thou fill the censer, and thou shalt set fire thereto; sweet scented woods, some upuntu-plant and some cypresswood shall thou heap up; a drink-offering shalt thou offer, but thou shalt not bow thyself down. This incantation before the goddess Ishtar three times shalt thou recite, ... and thou shalt not look behind thee.

'O exalted Ishtar, that givest light unto the four quarters of the world!'"

The above invocation to Ishtar is from The Sacred Books and Early Literature of the East, Ed. by Charles F. Horne, Vol. I, pp. 422-427.

Asmodeus. this name is half Hebrew and half Latin. Asmodeus is often mentioned in the literature of demonology. The name can also be translated as "The one adorned with fire" and written .

Belphegor. The replacement of Tiphereth, the sphere of the vitalizing Sun, with a place holding Belphegor, the lord of dead bodies, is most striking.

Baal. A word which means "Lord", much as Adonai means "Lord". The word "Baal" or "Bel" has become restricted in its usage to signify a "Lord of Darkness" while Adonai has come to signify an alternative name to "Jehovah". In biblical times, both the words "Baal" and "Adonai" were often incorporated into people's names. The Old Testament usually uses "Baal" to signify an idol or the god of the Philistines, but the word is also used occasionally where Jehovah or Adonai would seem to be the subject.

Tubal Cain. This is a descendent of Cain, according to Genesis, IV, 22: "And Zillah, she also bore Tubal-cain, the forger of every cutting instrument of brass and iron; and the sister of Tubal-cain was Naamah." According to one legend, Tubal Cain made love to his sister Naamah and the demon Asmodeus resulted from the union. The association of Tubal Cain, the first maker of weapons according to the Old Testament, to the sphere of Mars, the god of war, is a very simple one.

Adrammelech. This name is found in Second Kings: XVII, 29-31: "Howbeit every nation made gods of their own, and put them in the houses of the high places which the Samaritans had made, every nation in their cities wherein they dwelt. And the men of Babylon made Succoth-benoth, and the men of Cuth made Nergal, and the men of Hamath made Ashima, and the Avvites made Nibhaz and Tartak, and the Sepharvites burnt their children in the fire to Adrammelech and Anammelech, the gods of Sepharvaim." In the above passages the name Adrammelech is spelled with only one Men: . The name "Ashima" may later have been taken as Asmodeus. Several of the names from this passage were adapted by H.P.Lovecraft as names in his horror stories and fantasies. In Lovecraft's mind, Cuth became "Cthulhu" and the other names became blended with fragments of Egyptian and other Semitic words to give "Yog-Sothoth", "Azathoth" and "Dagon". Dagon is actually mentioned in several places in the Old Testament.

Lilith. This is the grand lady of all demons. According to some legends, she was the sexual partner of Adam before the creation of Eve. when Eve came into the world, Lilith was shut up beneath the sea. After Adam and Eve were driven from the garden of Eden, Lilith was released from her imprisonment. She wanders about the world like some sort of vampire, ever trying to destroy the children of her rival, Eve. The demons are sometimes considered to be the children of Lilith. Lilith is said to be the woman who comes to men in their dreams. Samael comes to women as a man in their dreams. The name Lilith is found in the Old Testament, but is usually translated as "night-monster" or "screech owl". Isaiah: XXXIV, 13-14: "And thorns shall come up in her palaces, nettles and thistles in the fortresses thereof; And it shall be a habitation of wild-dogs, an enclosure for ostriches. And the wild-cats shall meet with the jackals, and the satyr shall cry to his fellow; Yea, the night-monster (Lilith) shall repose there and shall find her a place of rest."

Nehema. Nehema is traditionally a demon and the sister of Lilith, possibly a remembrance of the Egyptian Nephthys and Isis. It is conceivable that Nehema is the same as Naamah, , the sister of Turbal Cain.

Additional Correspondences: the Olympic Planetary Spirits:

Key Numbers: Name: Symbol: Planet:
32 (3)AratronSaturn Saturn
21 (4)BetorJupiter Jupiter
27 (5)Phalec
or
Phaleg
Mars Mars
30 (6)OchSun Sun
14 (7)HagitVenus Venus
12 (8)OphielMercury Mercury
13 (9)PhulMoon Moon

This last set of correspondences to the seven planets and the Sephiroth is a bit of a mystery. The Names given here are in an unknown language (perhaps Greek?) and the symbols or seals that accompany the names are equally strange. E.A.W.Budge, in his Amulets and Talismans, page 391, says that these characters represent the positions of the planets in the Zodiac. It is not obvious how this works.
These Olympic Planetary Spirits may be considered the counterparts of the "Spirits of the Planets", but there is much reason to suspect that they represent something else. The Olympic Spirits are found on the same manuscripts with the bulk of the correspondences already taken up for the planets and Sephiroth. The Olympic Spirits seem to have been known before the 12th CENTURY.

The section of seven and ten-fold correspondences of names and hierarchies will conclude with a 3,000 year-old selection from the clay tablets of Ashr-banipal's library. This is also taken from The Sacred Books and Early Literature of the East; pages 230 to 232.
"The Seven Evil Spirits" (translated by R.C.Thompson.)

"Raging storms, evil gods are they
Ruthless demons, who in heaven's vault were created, are they,

Workers of evil are they,
They lift up the head to evil, every day to evil
Destruction to work.
Of these seven the first is the South wind ...
The second is a dragon, whose mouth is opened ...
That none can measure.
The third is a grim leopard, which carries off the young ...
The fourth is a terrible Shibbu ...
The fifth is a furious Wolf, who knoweth not to flee,
The sixth is a rampant ... which marches against god and king.
The seventh is a storm, an evil wind, which takes vengeance,
Seven are they, messengers to King Anu are they,
From city to city darkness work they,
A hurricane, which mightily hunts in the heaven, are they,
Gusts of wind rising, which cast gloom over the bright day, are they,
With the Imkhullu, the evil wind, forcing their way, are they,
The overflowing of Adad, mighty destroyers, are they,
At the right of Adad stalking, are they,
In the height of heaven, like lightning, are they,
To wreak destruction forward go they,
In the broad heaven, the home of Anu, the King, evilly do they
arise, and none to oppose.
When Enlil heard these tidings, a plan in his heart he pondered,
With Ea, exalted Massu of the gods, he took counsel.
Sin, Shamash, and Ishtar, whom he had set to order the vault of heaven,
With Anu he divided the lordship of the whole heaven,
To these three gods, his offspring,
Day and night, without ceasing, he ordained to stand,
When the seven evil gods stormed the vault of heaven,
Before the gleaming Sin, they set themselves angrily,
The mighty Shamash, Adad the warrior, they brought on their side,
Ishtar, with Anu the King, moved into a shining dwelling, exercising
dominion over the heavens,

(nearly ten lines lost at this point)

Day and night he was dark, in the dwelling of his dominion he sat

not down.
The evil gods, the messengers of Anu, the King, are they,
Raising their evil heads, in the night shaking themselves, are they,
Evil searching out, are they,
From the heaven, like a wind, over the land rush they, Enlil saw the darkening of the hero Sin in heaven,
The lord spoke to his minister Nusku,
'O my minister Nusku, my message unto the ocean bring,
The tidings of my son Sin, who in heaven has been sadly darkened,
Unto Ea, in the ocean, announce it.
Nusku exalted the word of his lord,
To Ea, in the ocean, he went quickly,
To the prince, the exalted Massu, the Lord Nudimmud.
Nusku, the word of his lord there announced,
Ea in the ocean heard that word,
He bit his lip and filled his mouth with wailing;
Ea called his son Marduk, and gave him the message:
'Go, my son Marduk,
Son of a prince, the gleaming Sin has been sadly darkened in heaven,
His darkening is seen in the heavens,
The seven evil gods, death-dealing, fearless are they,
The seven evil gods, like a flood, rush on, the land they fall upon,
do they,
Against the land, like a storm, they rise, do they,
Before the gleaming Sin, they set themselves angrily;
The mighty Shamash, Adad the warrior, they brought on their side.'"

(the rest is lost)
Adad............The god of Storm.
Anu.............The god of Heaven.
Enlil...........A god of Storm.
Sin.............The god of the Moon.
Shamash.........The god of the Sun (also the Hebrew word for "Sun")
Ishtar..........Goddess of Love, Fruitfulness and War.
Ea..............The God of the gods.
Marduk..........The savior god.

Additional Correspondences:
Key Numbers 11, 23, 31 & 32bis.

This selection of magical names attributed to the four elements will be kept brief. There are almost as many systems of attribution for the elements as there are texts on Ritual Magick. This greatly complicates the study of the elemental words of power. In addition, the four elements are often attributed to the four directions of North, South, East and West. Some systems of ritual are based more on direction over the surface of the Earth and the qualities of the prevailing winds than on Astrological and Alchemical theory. Others include a nearly equal mixture of directional and elemental symbolism. In the material which follows care has been taken to select a set of correspondences which fits easily with what has been introduced before. The bulk of these correspondences are to be found in Crowley's 777, Regardie's Golden Dawn and similar works of the Golden Dawn tradition. Those who wish to obtain an idea of the thinking of the Greeks on the subject of the four elements are advised to consult Plato's Timaeus (5th century B.C.). all matter was systematically grouped into categories of the four elements and their mixtures until the advent of modern chemistry. The four elements are still retained in modern physical science as categories for conditions of matter if not for types of fundamental chemical substances. Earth is now called "Solid". Water is now "Liquid". Air is now "Gas". Fire is now called "Plasma", ionized gas. In the medicine of medieval Europe, there were four fluids or "Humors" held to exist in the human body. These humors produced good health when in proper balance and various physical and mental disorders when out of proportion. Practices like blood letting were introduced to remove excesses of certain elemental humors and to restore health through restoration of proper proportion. Only 170 years ago these practices were considered standard in European medicine. They are still common in some parts of the world. The humors are: Yellow Bile = Fiery, Blood = Airy, Phlegm = Watery and Black Bile = Earthly. A very scholarly book on the subject of the elemental humors and elemental psychological categorization is Saturn and Melancholy by Klibansky, Saxl and Panofsky.

The material below continues the study of the Elemental correspondences started above.

Additional Correspondences:
Key Numbers 11, 23, 31 & 32bis.

The Letters of Tetragrammaton Attributed to the Elements:

Key
Number:
Hebrew
Letter:
Letter
Name:
Element: Symbol for
Element:
31YodYodFireElemental Fire
23HayHehWaterElemental Water
11VauVauAirElemental Air
32bisHay with MapiqueHehEarthElemental Earth


Some Divine Names Attributed to the Elements
(from the last four Sephiroth)

Key
Numbers:
Name in
Hebrew:
English
Pronunciation:
Aprox. English
Meaning:
Element:
31 (7)TawVauAlephBetTzaddi   Hay with MapiqueVauHayYodYahweh TzabaothHe/She is SplendourFire Elemental Fire
23 (8)TawVauAlephBetTzaddi   Mem-finalYodHayLamedAlephElohim TzabaothThe Male & Female
Deities are Splendour!
Water Elemental Water
11 (9)YodChet   LamedAleph   YodDaletShinShaddai El ChaiAlmighty God Lives
Forever!
Air Elemental Air
32bis (10)Kaf-finalLamedMem   YodNunDaletAleph
or
Tzaddi-finalReshAlephHay   YodNunDaletAleph
Adonai Melekh
or
Adonai Ha-Aretz
Lord King
or
Lord of the Earth
Earth Elemental Earth

The other Sephiroth have elemental associations also, but the last four are traditionally used to supply names for the material elements on the Divine Level. This means that the names on pages 26 through 40 for Key numbers 7 through 10 can more-or-less be used for the elements. This is not the most satisfactory method in all cases. Other sets of names are more often used.

Elemental correspondences of the other Sephiroth (Golden Dawn theory):

Kether---Fire; Chokmah---Fire; Binah---Water, Chesed---outwardly Water but inwardly Fire, Geburah---outwardly Fire but inwardly Water, and Tiphereth--- Air. These are to the Sephiroth and not the the planets. This is one of the many points where the correspondences between different sets of things breaks down. Thus, the Moon is of a watery nature; but the Sephira of the Moon, Yesod, is Airy.


Divine Names Attributed to the Elements

Key
Number:
Name in
Hebrew:
English
Pronunciation:
English
Meaning:
Element:
(from the Lesser Pentagram Ritual)
32YodNunDaletAlephAdonaiLordFire Elemental Fire
23HayYodHayAlephEheiehI amWater Elemental Water
11Hay with MapiqueVauHayYodJehovahHe/She isAir Elemental Air
32bisAlephLamedGimelAlephAglaThou art Mighty
Forever O'h Lord
Earth Elemental Earth
(from the Greater Pentagram Ritual)
31bisHayYodHayAlephEheiehI amSpirit Spirit
31bisAlephLamedGimelAlephAglaThou art Mighty
Forever O'h Lord
Spirit Spirit
31Mem-finalYodNunLamedAlephElohimGods (male & female)Fire Elemental Fire
23LamedAlephElGod (male) is MightyWater Elemental Water
11Hay with MapiqueVauHayYodJehovahHe/She isAir Elemental Air
32bisYodNunDaletAlephAdonaiLordEarth Elemental Earth

One reason for this variation in association of Divine names with elements stems from the Divine names being assigned to the Atzilut level. As such, these names are above the material elements and may manifest through each element differently in different situations. Other associations are more rigid.


Archangelic Names Attributed to the Elements:

Key
Number:
Hebrew
Name:
English
Pronunciation:
English
Meaning:
Element:
31LamedAlephKafYodMemMichaelLike GodFire Elemental Fire
23LamedAlephYodReshBetGimelGabrielMighty One of GodWater Elemental Water
11LamedAlephPehReshRaphaelHealing of GodAir Elemental Air
32bisLamedAlephYodReshVauAlephUrielLight of GodEarth Elemental Earth

These belong to the Briah level of mental operation.


Angels Ruling the Elements
(According to the Rabbinical literature)

Key
Number:
Hebrew
Name:
English
Pronunciation:
English
Meaning:
Element:
31Peh-finalReshShinSaraphBurning OneFire Elemental Fire
23SamekhYodShinReshTaw
or
ShinYodShinReshTaw
TharsisShipWater Elemental Water
11LamedAlephYodReshAlephArielRoarer of GodAir Elemental Air
32bisBetVauReshKafKerubCherubEarth Elemental Earth


Angels of the Elements
(Found on talismans described in the Greater Key of Solomon, Mathers edition)

Key
Number:
Hebrew
Name:
English
Pronunciation:
English
Meaning:
Element:
31LamedAlephReshAlephAralFire of GodFire Elemental Fire
23DaletHayYodLamedTetTaliahadJoyful Bleat of a LambWater Elemental Water
11Nun-finalSamekhChetChassanOrnamentAir Elemental Air
32bisKaf-finalAlephLamedReshVauPehPhorlakhOne Who is Sent to DigEarth Elemental Earth

There are very many angelic names associated with the four elements. The two above sets of names belong to the Yetziratic World.


Hebrew Names of the Elements:
(Alternate names also exist)

Key
Number:
Hebrew
Name:
English
Pronunciation:
Element:
31ShinAlephAschFire Elemental Fire
23Mem-finalYodMemMemWater Elemental Water
11ChetVauReshRuachAir Elemental Air
32bisTzaddi-finalReshAlephAretzEarth Elemental Earth

These constitute the level of Assiah in pure form.


Elemental Spirits and Their KINGS:

Key
Number:
Type of Elemental
Spirit:
Corresponding
King of Spirits:
Element:
31SalamandersDjinFire Elemental Fire
23UndinesNichsaWater Elemental Water
11SylphsParaldaAir Elemental Air
32bisGnomesGhobEarth Elemental Earth

This table of elementals lists the popular western names for categories of creatures according to the elements. There is a sense in which dogs, cows, deer, etc. are Gnomes; birds and butterflies are Sylphs; Fish and dolphins are Undines and dancing flames are Salamanders. These terms are usually reserved for the little spirits of folklore: fairies, elves, kelpies, leperchons and the like. Such things occupy a position similar to the Spirits of the Planets, but somewhat more positive and more complex.


The Elemental Demon Kings:
(Named for the directions. Many variations)

Key
Number:
Name: Element: Direction:
31PaimonFire Elemental FireSouth
23AritonWater Elemental WaterWest
11OriensAir Elemental AirEast
32bisAmaimonEarth Elemental EarthNorth

In this list of Demon Kings, direction is more important than elemental association. If a different set of elemental-directional correspondences is used, these names remain with the directions noted above and the elemental correspondences change.


Elemental Princes of Devils:
(According to Francis Barrett in The Magus)

Key
Number:
Hebrew
Name:
English
Pronunciation:
English
Meaning:
Element:
31LamedAlephMemSamekhSamaelPoison of GodFire Elemental Fire
23LamedAlephZainAyinAzaelMight of GodWater Elemental Water
11LamedZainAlephZainAyinAzazelThe Scape-goatAir Elemental Air
32bisLamedAlephZainChetMemMahazaelVision of GodEarth Elemental Earth

These names are not by any means trustworthy. Barrett has a probable misspelling of the last, and Chet (Chet) has here been substituted for Heh (Hay) in Barrett's version.


Additional Correspondences:
Key Numbers 15-22, 24-26. 28 & 29.

The systems of correspondences to the signs and other divisions of the Zodiac present a complex problem. Unlike the systems based on the planets and elements, systems based on the Zodiac have no discrete natural character. The planets and elements are separate things, at least in principle. This means that separate names can be assigned with no confusion as to where the influence of one starts and another stops. The Signs of the Zodiac are not separate, but run directly into each other. Even the exact positions occupied by the signs in the sky is not universally agreed upon. Some say that they are all of equal extent, others give differing sizes. The starting point is different for the Zodiac in Indian Astrology from the starting point in European Astrology. The Zodiac of Astronomers differs in position by about 30° from that of most Astrologers in the West. Finally, the Zodiac is capable of being divided up into different size sections: the decans, quinances, degrees and irregular divisions dating from the Roman era and beyond. Each section can be said to have a planetary ruler. Sections inside larger divisions may or may not be ruled or dominated by the ruler of the larger division. All this has given rise to a considerable variation in the methods whereby the powers of the Zodiac are handled.
In the treatment which follows, the twelve signs of the Zodiac are considered to be each of thirty degrees extent. Divine, Archangelic, Angelic and simple constellation names will be assigned to each of the signs. These are taken from traditional lists. The Decans, or division of ten degrees, are considered to be under the rulership of the Divine, Archangelic and Angelic names of the larger thirty degree constellation division. The Decan ruling Angels are also from traditional sources. There are very old sets of "magical images" available for each decan and degree. The five-degree divisions (Quinances) are considered to be under the rulership of the including Decans. Angelic names are assigned to the Quinances from the Shemhamphorash as constructed from three verses in Exodus. There have been several systems of assignment of names to the 360 degrees and to other divisions, but these are less commonly used in the West and are not consistent in assignment in the several different sets. This process of assigning names of spirits to the many different divisions of the Zodiac is much more fully developed in India than in Europe, but there are extant lists in Grimories.


The Divine Names Attributed to the Signs of the Zodiac.

These are the twelve banners of the name Jehovah. See the table and discussion above in these Magical Correspondences. All twelve of these names are said to be various forms of the obsolete Hebrew verb "to be". Pronunciation is not certainly known, but here is a rough approximation: Aries(15)---Jehovah; Taurus(16)---Jehho; Gemini(17)---Joheh; Cancer(18)--- Hohie; Leo(19)---Hojeh; Virgo(20)---Hehieo; Libra(22)---Ohjeh; Scorpio(24)---Ohhie; Sagittarius(25)---Oieheh; Capricorn(26)---Hieho; Aquarius(28)---Hieoh; Pisces(29)---Hehoi.


Archangelic Names Attributed to the Signs of the Zodiac:

Key
Number:
Name in
Hebrew:
English
Pronunciation:
Approx. English
Meaning:
Sign and
Month:
15LamedAlephDaletYodKafLamedMemMelchidaelKing of the Hand of GodAries Aries March
16LamedAlephDaletVauMemSamekhAlephAsmodelHawk of the StorehouseTaurus Taurus April
17LamedAlephYodReshBetMemAlephAmbrielMother of the Corn of GodGemini Gemini May
18LamedAlephYodReshVauMemMurielWater and Rain of GodCancer Cancer June
19LamedAlephYodKafReshVauVerchielVery Gentle One of GodLeo Leo July
20LamedAlephYodLamedMemHayHamalielAbundance of GodVirgo Virgo August
22LamedAlephYodReshVauZainZurielThe Binding up of GodLibra Libra September
24LamedAlephYodBetReshBetBarbielSon of God's ProsperingScorpio Scorpio October
25LamedAlephYodKafNunDaletAlephAdonachielLord of the Mark of GodSagittarius Sagittarius November
26LamedAlephNunHayHanaelIndication of God's PresenceCapricorn Capricorn December
28LamedAlephReshYodBetGimelGabirelMight of GodAquarius Aquarius January
29LamedAlephYodChetReshBetBarchielSon of the Living GodPisces Pisces February

This list of "Archangelic" names is more often referred to as a list of the "Angels that rule the months". The list is found in the writings of the natural magicians of the sixteenth century. The names are slightly different on different lists. In a few cases, names from this list have been classified in lists of the fallen angels. This may arise from errors in Hebrew spelling or it may be an accurate association. In any event, these names seem innocent enough if taken as rulerships of the Signs and the Months starting the Signs. The association of these names to the months seems to be stronger than to the Signs. Most of the names seem to be descriptive of agricultural and meteorological cycles during the year. Some names seem to refer more to the nature of the corresponding sign, but the Signs in their turn have agricultural relevance. It may be theorized that these names are intended to describe agricultural conditions and activity proper to the Months. Some seem to fit the seasons better than others. This may provide a clue to the geographical place where these names were first used. Different parts of the world exhibit different growing seasons.


Angelic Names Corresponding to the Signs of the Zodiac:

Key
Number:
Name in
Hebrew:
English
Pronunciation:
Approx. English
Meaning:
Sign:
15LamedAlephYodHayReshShinSaraielRuling of GodAries Aries
16LamedAlephYodZainReshAlephAratzielFirmness of GodTaurus Taurus
17LamedAlephYodAlephReshSamekhSaraielSullen of GodGemini Gemini
18LamedAlephYodKafPehPachelFlask of GodCancer Cancer
19LamedAlephYodTetReshShinSaratielCutting of GodLeo Leo
20LamedAlephYodTawLamedShinSelethielBoon of GodVirgo Virgo
22LamedAlephYodQofDaletChetChedeqielThorn of GodLibra Libra
24LamedAlephYodTzaddiYodAlephSamekhSayzielGoing Forth of the Measure of GodScorpio Scorpio
25LamedAlephYodTetYodReshSamekhSaryetielExtending of the Rebelion of GodSagittarius Sagittarius
26LamedAlephYodQofMemSamekhSamqielVomiting Forth of the Poison of GodCapricorn Capricorn
28LamedAlephYodQofMemKafTzaddiTzakmeqielBrightness and Foulness of GodAquarius Aquarius
29LamedAlephYodBetKafVauVakabielIncrease of the Concealment of GodPisces Pisces

This list of "Angelic" names is found in the writings of Aleister Crowley and Israel Regardie. The names translate into meanings that are more suggestive of Demonic names than of Angelic names. This list is probably drawn from a much older source; but, at this writing, information is lacking. The negative quality of many of these names may reflect the limiting effects of the Signs rather than anything more serious. This list may be used, but only with caution. These names should not be used for invocation unless the user is very confident of their basic nature. Use in evocation is not as serious a problem so long as the Divine and Archangelic names are worked first.


Hebrew Names for the Signs:
These are listed above

The Angelic Names Corresponding to the Decans of the Zodiac:

Key
No.:
Name in
Hebrew:
English
Pronunciation:
Aproximate English Meaning of Hebrew:Sign and
Decan:
15ReshZainZainZazerExtending Border  0°-10° Aries
15YodMemHayHayBetBahhemeiSilent Sound10°-20° Aries
15ReshDaletNunTetSamekhSatanderRadiance in Adversity20°-30° Aries
16YodDaletMemDaletKafKadmedieHalf-filled Container  0°-10° Taurus
16YodAlephReshChetNunMemManachraieBestowal of Vision10°-20° Taurus
16Tzaddi-finalVauNunGimelSamekhKafYodYaksagnotzRapid Suppression by Authority20°-30° Taurus
17ShinReshGimelSamekhSiegrashBaseness and Poverty  0°-10° Gemini
17YodNunDaletHayShinShahadnieConfirmed Suffering10°-20° Gemini
17ReshVauTawYodBetBetorIn a State of Seeking20°-30° Gemini
18ShinVauAlephReshTawMemMitraosThe Dead See the Sun and Are Strong  0°-10° Cancer
18AyinDaletHayReshRahadeaTremble with Knowledge10°-20° Cancer
18ReshYodKafNunYodLamedAlephElinakierGod is Known20°-30° Cancer
19ReshHayNunSamekhVauLamedLaosanharDesire the Thorn of the Mountain  0°-10° Leo
19YodAyinChetZainZachaayRemove the Ruinous10°-20° Leo
19ReshBetYodChetSamekhSachieberVile is Purified20°-30° Leo
20HayReshVauAlephNunNunAlephAnnaorahBreath Trembles with Desire  0°-10° Virgo
20HayYodHayYodAlephReshReayahyahGod Beholds God
(Possibly figurative for "Countenance Beholds Countenance")
10°-20° Virgo
20ReshPehSamekhMemMisparNumber20°-30° Virgo
22YodNunSamekhReshTetTarsaniFresh Thorn  0°-10° Libra
22Tzaddi-finalNunReshHaySamekhSaharnazTower of the Hawk10°-20° Libra
22ReshDaletHayShinShehdarGoat of the Age20°-30° Libra
24Tzaddi-finalVauMemKafKamotzMuch Oppression  0°-10° Scorpio
24ReshHayVauDaletNunYodNunHiendoharWeak Child of the Mountain10°-20° Scorpio
24LamedAlephYodDaletVauReshTawNunNatarvadaielTremble and be Filled with God20°-30° Scorpio
25TawAlephReshShinMemMasharatDivided Sign  0°-10° Sagittarius
25Nun-finalYodReshHayVauVahrinGod Overcomes10°-20° Sagittarius
25AlephHayVauBetAlephAbuhaFather of Interjection20°-30° Sagittarius
26NunYodNunSamekhMemMasninTribute of Posterity  0°-10° Capricorn
26HayYodSamekhYodSamekhYodYasisyahGod's Swallow
(or twittering sound)
10°-20° Capricorn
26LamedAlephYodDaletVauReshBetYodDaletGimelSamekhYodYsgadibarodielAdore the Chosen and Sufficient of God20°-30° Capricorn
28Mem-finalPehSamekhSamekhSasfemMouth of a Moth
(prob.fig. for "The Mouth Trembles")
  0°-10° Aquarius
28Nun-finalVauReshDaletBetAlephAbadronForsake Victory10°-20° Aquarius
28LamedAlephYodDaletVauReshGimelGeradiaelStrangeness and of God20°-30° Aquarius
29YodMemLamedHayBetBiehalmiFlow Rapidly  0°-10° Pisces
29Nun-finalVauReshVauAlephAuronLight Overcomes10°-20° Pisces
29Peh-finalYodReshTetSamekhSatripGiants Roam20°-30° Pisces

These "Angelic" names are said to rule the decans of the Zodiac. The list is given in Crowley's 777 and in Regardie's Golden Dawn. Some of the names are spelled differently in Hebrew on different lists. The translations offered above bear slight but occasional resemblance to the general meanings that have been attached to the Decans in Astrology, but it is probable that this list of names is actually derived from some incantation or other Hebrew text. The progress and connectivity in this list is strongly suggestive of a passage of mystical literature cut up into names. For more information on the Decans, their planetary rulers and images, see Crowley's 777. In using these names, the names of the including signs of the Zodiac should be evoked first. Also, the names of the planetary rulers may be used with these names. The planetary rulers of the signs are well known. The planetary rulers of the decans, in the form derived by the Order of the Golden Dawn from Ptolemy's Tetrabiblos, are cycled in the order: Saturn, Jupiter, Mars, Sun, Venus, Mercury and Moon, starting with the first decan of Leo and going in regular cycle through the rest of the decans. There is one exception to this regularity. Mars rules the last decan of Pisces and also the first decan of Aries. All this is listed in Crowley's 777 in the section detailing the meanings of the minor cards of the Tarot. Regardie lists this as well, but with some typographical errors. Also, for those who can read German, see: Dekane und Dekansternbilder, by Wilhelm Gundel, 1936 e.v. and Verzeichnis astrologischer und Mythologischer illustrierter Handschriften des lateinischen Mittelalters in Römishen Bibliotheken, by Fritz Saxl, 1915 & 1927.


The Angelic Names Corresponding to the Quinances of the Zodiac:

Key
No.:
Name in
Hebrew:
English
Pronun.:
Latin Key
Word:
English Meaning of Hebrew
(Questionable value):
Sign and
Quinance:
1549 - LamedAlephVauHayVauVahoaelMaximusMany interjections of Grief Made to God  0°- 5°  Aries
1550 - LamedAlephYodNunDaletDaniel Clemens Judgment of God   5°-10° Aries
1551 - HayYodShinChetHayHacheshyah Laetabundus Silence of God 10°-15° Aries
1552 - HayYodMemMemAyinAmamyah Altissimus Join with God 15°-20° Aries
1553 - LamedAlephAlephNunNunNanael Verus Pray to God20°-25° Aries
1554 - LamedAlephTawYodNunNiathel Regnator Wail at the Portent of God25°-30° Aries
1655 - HayYodHayBetMemMeboahyah Aternum Havens (Harbors) of God  0°- 5°  Taurus
1656 - LamedAlephYodVauPehPoiel Erector Mouth of God   5°-10° Taurus
1657 - HayYodMemMemNunNamamyah Protector From God 10°-15° Taurus
1658 - LamedAlephLamedYodYodYeielelAnimus Howl to God15°-20° Taurus
1659 - LamedAlephChetReshHayHarachel Oriens The Crushing of God 20°-25° Taurus
1660 - LamedAlephReshTzaddiMemMatzarel Justus Distress from God25°-30° Taurus
1761 - LamedAlephBetMemVauVambel Benedictus Repeated Entrance of God  0°- 5°  Gemini
1762 - LamedAlephHayHayYodYahhael AmabilisGod is the God  5°-10° Gemini
1763 - LamedAlephVauNunAyinEanielLaudabilisThe Sufferers of God10°-15° Gemini
1764 - LamedAlephYodChetMemMahielMercator(The What and Who of God)15°-20° Gemini
1765 - HayYodBetMemDaletDambyahDeprecabilis(Flowing Blood of God)20°-25° Gemini
1766 - LamedAlephQofNunMemMenqelAssistensLibation Bowl of God25°-30° Gemini
1867 - LamedAlephAyinYodAlephAniaelDatorRemove the Woe of God  0°- 5°  Cancer
1868 - HayYodVauBetChetChabaoyahBonusHide Within God  5°-10° Cancer
1869 - LamedAlephHayAlephReshRaahelPraemiumVision of God10°-15° Cancer
1870 - HayYodMemBetYodYabmyahDeusWedded to God15°-20° Cancer
1871 - LamedAlephYodYodHayHyaielMultus(God and Man Exist)20°-25° Cancer
1872 - HayYodMemVauMemMomyahRequiesBlemish of God25°-30° Cancer
19  1 - HayYodVauHayVauVahavyahExaltatorCry unto God Who is God   0°- 5°  Leo
19  2 - LamedAlephYodLamedYodYalielAuxiliator(Thankful of God's Presence)  5°-10° Leo
19  3 - LamedAlephTetYodSamekhSaitelSpesRoaming of God10°-15° Leo
19  4 - HayYodMemLamedAyinAlamyahSalusVigor of God15°-20° Leo
19  5 - HayYodShinHayMemMashyahQuaestusPledge of God20°-25° Leo
19  6 - LamedAlephHayLamedLamedLalahelAnnunciatusThat Which is Not is Not of God25°-30° Leo
20  7 - HayYodAlephKafAlephAkayahLonganimis Weary of God  0°- 5°  Virgo
20  8 - LamedAlephTawHayKafKahtielAdorandusWeariness of Signs of God  5°-10° Virgo
20  9 - LamedAlephYodZainHayHazielRecordabilisSeeing of God 10°-15° Virgo
2010 - HayYodDaletLamedAlephHaladyah . . . Yonder is the Strife of God15°-20° Virgo
2011 - HayYodVauAlephLamedLavyahExultabundusDesireless Nature of God20°-25° Virgo
2012 - HayYodAyinHayHayHaaoyahOpportunusWood of God25°-30° Virgo
2213 - LamedAlephLamedZainYodYzalelDecantatus Deliverance of God   0°- 5°  Libra
2214 - LamedAlephHayBetMemMabhelSublevatorEmptiness of Things Before God  5°-10° Libra
2215 - LamedAlephYodReshHayHariel Ens The Mountains of God10°-15° Libra
2216 - HayYodMemQofHayHaqamyahAdvocatusThe Standing Corn of God 15°-20° Libra
2217 - HayYodVauAlephLamedLavyahDominatorAbsence of Desire Before God20°-25° Libra
2218 - LamedAlephYodLamedKafKelielJustitiaVessel for God25°-30° Libra
2419 - HayYodVauVauLamedLoyahExauditorDesire of God  0°- 5°  Scorpio
2420 - HayYodLamedHayPehPehalyahErvensShining Mouth of God   5°-10° Scorpio
2421 - LamedAlephKafLamedNunNalekel Fortis Unto Thee, God 10°-15° Scorpio
2422 - LamedAlephYodYodYodYeyayel Dexter (Three-fold Power of God)15°-20° Scorpio
2423 - LamedAlephHayLamedMemMolahel Custos Command of God 20°-25° Scorpio
2424 - HayYodVauHayChetChohvyal Expetendus Breathe the Woe of God25°-30° Scorpio
2525 - HayYodHayTawNunNatahyah Mirabilis The Cutting of God   0°- 5°  Sagittarius
2526 - HayYodAlephAlephHayHaayah Invacandus Behold God   5°-10° Sagittarius
2527 - LamedAlephTawReshYodYarahel Salvator Archery of God 10°-15° Sagittarius
2528 - HayYodHayAlephShinShaahyah Festinus Contemplate God 15°-20° Sagittarius
2529 - LamedAlephYodYodReshRiel Sanator Rain of God 20°-25° Sagittarius
2530 - LamedAlephMemVauAlephAumel Adolescentia (Hum) of God25°-30° Sagittarius
2631 - LamedAlephBetKafLamedLakbel Solus Journey in God's Circuit   0°- 5°  Capricorn
2632 - HayYodReshShinVauVasharyah Rector Many Masters of God   5°-10° Capricorn
2633 - HayYodVauChetYodYahoyah Cogitabundus God and God 10°-15° Capricorn
2634 - HayYodChetHayLamedLachyah Expectatio Freshness of God 15°-20° Capricorn
2635 - HayYodQofVauKafKoqyah Deprecatio Explode Forth in God 20°-25° Capricorn
2636 - LamedAlephDaletNunMemMenkel Gloria Cease Strife Before God 25°-30° Capricorn
2837 - LamedAlephYodNunAlephAnael Facies Ship of God   0°- 5°  Aquarius
2838 - HayYodMemAyinChetChamyah Refugium (In the Midst of God)  5°-10° Aquarius
2839 - LamedAlephAyinHayReshRah'el Advitor Friend of God 10°-15° Aquarius
2840 - LamedAlephZainYodYodYeyazel Propulsator God Causes a Start 15°-20° Aquarius
2841 - LamedAlephHayHayHayHahehel Liberator (Three-fold Plan of God)20°-25° Aquarius
2842 - LamedAlephKafYodMemMichael Custos Like God 25°-30° Aquarius
2943 - HayYodLamedVauVauVaolyah Matutinus Attached to Nothingness in God   0°- 5°  Pisces
2944 - HayYodHayLamedYodYalahyah Doctor Howl at Nothingness in God   5°-10° Pisces
2945 - HayYodLamedAlephSamekhSalyah Compatiens Measure Out the Law of God 10°-15° Pisces
2946 - LamedAlephYodReshAyinEriel Operator Watchfulness of God 15°-20° Pisces
2947 - HayYodLamedShinAyinAshalyah Magnificus Labor on Errors in God 20°-25° Pisces
2948 - LamedAlephHayYodMemMihael Revalator (The Who & What of God)25°-30° Pisces

(Latin Key Words taken from The Kabbalah by Ginsburg, p. 136. A list of these Key Words is also found in Kircher's Oedipus Aegyptiacus, along with some rather shaky Noteriquon.)

The preceding 72 angelic names are a great and ancient mystery of Ceremonial Magick and the Qabalah. They constitute the "Schemahamphorasch", the great divided name of God. This is a different matter in several ways from all the other names that have been presented in these Correspondences. The 72 names are derived from three consecutive verses in the Hebrew text of Exodus. These verses consists of exactly 72 letters each. The first of these verses, Exodus XIV, 19, is written right to left in the normal fashion of writing Hebrew. The second of these verses, Exodus XIV, 20, is then written beneath the first backwards, from left to right. Beneath these two is written the third verse, Exodus XIV, 21, in the normal order again, from right to left. This gives a list of 72 columns of letters with three letters in each column. To each of these three letter columns is added two additional letters. These additional letters are Aleph-Lamed, , or Yod-Heh, ; El or Yah, two names of God. This gives the 72 names that are used to form the list on the preceding pages. There are other ways to form the Schemahamphorasch and there are other lists of names that are drawn upon for this practice. This method is mentioned in several sources including Semiphoras and Schemhamporas, a 17th century work reprinted and available widely in a quite odd anthology called The Sixth and Seventh Books of Moses. These names are also to be found in Barrett's The Magus, I. Regardie's The Golden Dawn, Crowley's Liber 777, and Kircher's Oedipus Aegyptiacus. Lists of these names usually contain errors of one sort or another. This is often intentional. I have made no intentional error her, but it is a simple matter for anyone to check these names with the aid of a copy of the Masoretic Text of the Torah.
The process whereby the names "El" and "Yah" are selected to complete these names is not generally known. It is possible that "EL" is used to indicate Male and "Yah" to indicate Female bias in the names, but there are other plausible reasons for picking one ending over the other.
The names are attributed to the five-degree divisions of the Zodiac starting with the first division of Leo and continuing around the Zodiac in much the same fashion as do the Decans.
In a few cases, there are rather startling correspondences between the names of the Quinances and the names assigned to the including Decans. This raises a question about the origin of the names of the Decan Angels. Clearly the names of the 72 Quinances are a random seeming sort of thing. That the names of the 36 Decans should have any relationship to these Quinance names is remarkable.


Demons Corresponding to the Quinances of the Zodiac:

Crowley, in his 777 makes an assignment of the 72 Demons of the Goetia to the Quinances, taken from the Lemegaton or Lesser Key of Solomon. These names may be considered to constitute a sort of adverse Schemahamphorasch, but they are greatly corrupted. The Goetic names are often spelled in widely differing ways. Some of them are clearly Hebrew words that have been transliterated into European languages. Others are of unknown origin. The Hebrew spelling that was attributed to them by Dr.Rudd is patently inaccurate.